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Wallis and Futuna

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Flag
Image:wf-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalMata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
GovernmentNA
CurrencyComptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF); note - may adopt the euro in 2003
Areatotal: 274 sq km
note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets
water: 0 sq km
land: 274 sq km
Population15,585 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageFrench, Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language)
ReligionRoman Catholic 99%, other 1%

Although discovered by the Dutch and the British in the 17th and 18th centuries, it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory.


wallis and futuna Travel Guide :

Wallis and Futuna

Geography

Image:wf-map.png
Map of Wallis and Futuna
Location 
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates 
13 18 S, 176 12 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 274 sq km
note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets
water: 0 sq km
land: 274 sq km
Area - comparative 
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
129 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C
Terrain 
volcanic origin; low hills
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Singavi 765 m
Natural resources 
NEGL
Land use 
arable land: 5%
permanent crops: 20%
other: 75% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
NA
Environment - current issues 
deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources
Geography - note 
both island groups have fringing reefs
Wallis and Futuna

People

Population 
15,585 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%
Population growth rate 
NA (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate 
NA deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate 
NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Infant mortality rate 
NA deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: NA years
male: NA years
female: NA years
Total fertility rate 
NA children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
NA
Nationality 
noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander
Ethnic groups 
Polynesian
Religions 
Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
Languages 
French, Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language)
Literacy 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 50%
male: 50%
female: 50% (1969 est.)
Wallis and Futuna

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna
local short form: Wallis et Futuna
local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna
Dependency status 
overseas territory of France
Government type 
NA
Capital 
Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
Administrative divisions 
none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, Wallis
Independence 
none (overseas territory of France)
National holiday 
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution 
28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system 
French legal system
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch 
chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Administrator Christian JOB (since 6 August 2002)
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly
note: there are three traditional kings with limited powers
head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Patalione KANIMOA (since NA January 2001)
cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of three kings and three members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
Legislative branch 
unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 11 March 2002 (next to be held NA March 2007)
note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held 27 September 1998 (next to be held by NA September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - RPR 1; French National Assembly - elections last held 16 June 2002 (next to be held by NA 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats - UMP/RPR 1
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPR and affiliates 13, Socialists and affiliates 7
Judicial branch 
none; justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu
Political parties and leaders 
Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians) leader NA; Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG leader NA; Rally for the Republic or RPR Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU; Taumu'a Lelei Soane Muni UHILA; Union Populaire Locale or UPL Falakiko GATA; Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF leader NA
Political pressure groups and leaders 
NA
International organization participation 
FZ, SPC
Diplomatic representation in the US 
none (overseas territory of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US 
none (overseas territory of France)
Flag description 
a large white modified Maltese cross offset away from the hoist on a red background; the flag of France outlined in white on two sides is in the upper hoist quadrant; the flag of France is used for official occasions
Wallis and Futuna

Economy

Economy - overview 
The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with about 80% labor force earnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $30 million (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 
NA%
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $2,000 (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
NA%
Labor force 
NA
Labor force - by occupation 
agriculture, livestock, and fishing 80%, government 4% (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 
NA%
Budget 
revenues: $20 million
expenditures: $17 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.) (1998 est.)
Industries 
copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber
Industrial production growth rate 
NA%
Electricity - production 
NA kWh
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption 
NA kWh
Agriculture - products 
breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats
Exports 
$250,000 f.o.b. (1999)
Exports - commodities 
copra, chemicals, construction materials
Exports - partners 
Italy 40%, Croatia 15%, US 14%, Denmark 13%
Imports 
$300,000 f.o.b. (1999)
Imports - commodities 
chemicals, machinery, passenger ships, consumer goods
Imports - partners 
France 97%, Australia 2%, New Zealand 1%
Debt - external 
$NA
Economic aid - recipient 
assistance from France
Currency 
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF); note - may adopt the euro in 2003
Currency code 
XPF
Exchange rates 
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 135.04 (January 2002), 133.26 (2001), 129.43 (2000), 111.93 (1999), 107.25 (1998), 106.11 (1997); note - linked at the rate of 119.25 XPF to the euro
Fiscal year 
calendar year
Wallis and Futuna

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
1,125 (1994)
Telephones - mobile cellular 
0 (1994)
Telephone system 
general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: NA
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)
Radios 
NA
Television broadcast stations 
2 (2000)
Televisions 
NA
Internet country code 
.wf
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
1 (2000)
Internet users 
NA
Wallis and Futuna

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: 120 km (Ile Uvea 100 km, Ile Futuna 20 km)
paved: 16 km (all on Ile Uvea)
unpaved: 104 km (Ile Uvea 84 km, Ile Futuna 20 km)
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
Leava, Mata-Utu
Merchant marine 
total: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 71,868 GRT/7,422 DWT
ships by type: passenger 4
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: France 3, United States 1 (2002 est.)
Airports 
2 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways 
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Wallis and Futuna

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of France
Wallis and Futuna

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

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