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Tokelau

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Flag
Image:tl-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capitalnone; each atoll has its own administrative center
GovernmentNA
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar (NZD)
Areatotal: 10 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 10 sq km
Population1,431 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageTokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
ReligionCongregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%
note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant

Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925.


tokelau Travel Guide :

Tokelau

Geography

Image:tl-map.png
Map of Tokelau
Location 
Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates 
9 00 S, 172 00 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 10 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 10 sq km
Area - comparative 
about 17 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
101 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
Terrain 
low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoons
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Natural resources 
NEGL
Land use 
arable land: 0% (soil is thin and infertile)
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
lies in Pacific typhoon belt
Environment - current issues 
very limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand
Geography - note 
consists of three atolls, each with a lagoon surrounded by a number of reef-bound islets of varying length and rising to over three meters above sea level
Tokelau

People

Population 
1,431 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: 42%
15-64 years: 53%
65 years and over: 5% (1996 est.)
Population growth rate 
-0.92% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate 
NA deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate 
NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Sex ratio 
NA
Infant mortality rate 
38 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: NA years
male: 68 years (2001)
female: 70 years (2001)
Total fertility rate 
NA children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
NA
Nationality 
noun: Tokelauan(s)
adjective: Tokelauan
Ethnic groups 
Polynesian
Religions 
Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%
note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant
Languages 
Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
Literacy 
NA
Tokelau

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tokelau
Dependency status 
self-administering territory of New Zealand; note - Tokelauans are drafting a constitution, developing institutions and patterns of self-government as Tokelau moves toward free association with New Zealand
Government type 
NA
Capital 
none; each atoll has its own administrative center
Administrative divisions 
none (territory of New Zealand)
Independence 
none (territory of New Zealand)
National holiday 
Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Constitution 
administered under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948, as amended in 1970
Legal system 
New Zealand and local statutes
Suffrage 
21 years of age; universal
Executive branch 
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and New Zealand are represented by Administrator Lindsay WATT (since NA March 1993)
elections: none; the monarch is herary; administrator appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade in New Zealand; the head of government is chosen from the Council of Faipule and serves a one-year term
head of government: Aliki Faipule Pio TUIA (since NA 2002)
cabinet: the Council of Faipule, consisting of three elected leaders - one from each atoll - functions as a cabinet
Legislative branch 
unicameral General Fono (48 seats; members chosen by each atoll's Council of Elders or Taupulega to serve three-year terms); note - the Tokelau Amendment Act of 1996 confers limited legislative power on the General Fono
Judicial branch 
Supreme Court in New Zealand exercises civil and criminal jurisdiction in Tokelau
Political parties and leaders 
none
Political pressure groups and leaders 
none
International organization participation 
SPC, UNESCO (associate), WHO (associate)
Diplomatic representation in the US 
none (territory of New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation from the US 
none (territory of New Zealand)
Flag description 
the flag of New Zealand is used
Tokelau

Economy

Economy - overview 
Tokelau's small size (three villages), isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development and confine agriculture to the subsistence level. The people rely heavily on aid from New Zealand - about $4 million annually - to maintain public services, annual aid being substantially greater than GDP. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $1.5 million (1993 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 
NA%
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $1,000 (1993 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
NA%
Labor force 
NA
Unemployment rate 
NA%
Budget 
revenues: $430,830
expenditures: $2.8 million, including capital expenditures of $37,300
Industries 
small-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
Industrial production growth rate 
NA%
Electricity - production 
NA kWh
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption 
NA kWh
Agriculture - products 
coconuts, copra, breadfruit, papayas, bananas; pigs, poultry, goats
Exports 
$98,000 f.o.b. (1983)
Exports - commodities 
stamps, copra, handicrafts
Exports - partners 
NZ
Imports 
$323,000 c.i.f. (1983)
Imports - commodities 
foodstuffs, building materials, fuel
Imports - partners 
NZ
Debt - external 
$0
Economic aid - recipient 
from New Zealand about $4 million annually
Currency 
New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Currency code 
NZD
Exchange rates 
New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776 (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997)
Fiscal year 
1 April - 31 March
Tokelau

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
NA
Telephones - mobile cellular 
0 (2001)
Telephone system 
general assessment: adequate
domestic: radiotelephone service between islands
international: radiotelephone service to Samoa; government-regulated telephone service (TeleTok), with 3 satellite earth stations, established in 1997
Radio broadcast stations 
AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA
note: each atoll has a radio broadcast station of unknown type that broadcasts shipping and weather reports (1998)
Radios 
1,000 (1997)
Internet country code 
.tk
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
1 (2000)
Internet users 
NA
Tokelau

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none; offshore anchorage only
Merchant marine 
none (2002 est.)
Airports 
none; lagoon landings are possible by amphibious aircraft (2001)
Tokelau

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Tokelau

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none
Tokelau

External Links


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