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Tajikistan

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Asia : Central Asia : Tajikistan
Flag
Image:ti-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalDushanbe
Governmentrepublic
Currencysomoni
Areatotal: 143,100 sq km
water: 400 sq km
land: 142,700 sq km
Population6,719,567 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageTajik Persian (official), Russian is also an official language and most city-dwellers speak it better than they do Tajik.
ReligionSunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%

Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia that borders Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and northwest. The ancient Silk Road Passed through it.

Map of TajikistanMap of Tajikistan
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Map of Tajikistan

tajikistan Travel Guide :

Tajikistan

Regions

Administrative divisions 
2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province* (viloyati mukhtor);
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni BadakhshonViloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* (Khorugh)
  • Viloyati KhatlonViloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa)
  • Viloyati SughdViloyati Sughd (Khujand)
Tajikistan

Cities

  • DushanbeDushanbe - Capital
  • KhorughKhorugh
  • QurghonteppaQurghonteppa
  • KhujandKhujand
Tajikistan

Other destinations

  • Pamir mountains, with passes between 3200 and 4500 meters, and lake KarakolKarakol.
  • PenjikentPenjikent, a town next to the border, 70km from Samarkand, Uzbekistan, with ruins of an ancient city.
Tajikistan

Understand

Tajikistan

Climate

Midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

Tajikistan

Terrain

Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest.

lowest point 
Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
highest point 
Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Tajikistan

History

Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implemented in 2000. The central government's less than total control over some areas of the country has forced it to compromise and forge alliances among factions. Attention by the international community in the wake of the war in Afghanistan has brought increased economic development assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability in the long term. Tajikistan is in the early stages of seeking World Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership for Peace.

Tajikistan

Get in

Tajikistan

By plane

There are flights from Moscow's Domodedovo airport to Dushanbe on Tajikistan Airlines, Domodedovo Airlines, and Samara Airlines.

Tajikistan

By train

Tajikistan

By car

Private cars and minivans run between Samarkand in Uzbekistan and PenjikentPenjikent daily. From OshOsh in Kyrgyzstan minivans go to MurgabMurgab every few days for $15; hitch hiking on Kamaz trucks and ZIL petrol tankers is also possible anywhere enroute for $10.

Tajikistan

By bus

Tajikistan

By boat

Tajikistan

Get around

Tajikistan

By Land

Scheduled minivans run between the major cities but otherwise hiring a vehicle or sharing one with other passengers is the only way to travel around the country. Prices are generally per person, not for the vehicle and divided by the number of passengers.

Tajikistan

By Air

As the country is broken into many isolated areas by mountain passes that are closed in winter travel during this time is by air only if the planes are flying.

Tajikistan

Talk

Languages 
Tajik Persian (official), Russian still widely used in government and business
Tajikistan

Buy

  • Traditional Tajik padded coats. Comfortable and perfect for the colder weather in the mountains. The ensemble can be completed with a hat and sash.
  • Mercedes Benz (approx. $7000) cars and Land Cruisers from DushanbeDushanbe's Sunday Car Market. Also available russian cars, jeeps and minivans and an assortment of other models.
  • Vodka.
  • Rugs and carpets
Tajikistan

Eat

Tajikistan

Drink

Tajikistan

Sleep

Tajikistan

Learn

Tajikistan

Work

Tajikistan

Stay safe

Some factional fighting spilling over from nearby Afghanistan (as well as local warlordism) still occurs in Tajikistan. Visitors should keep abreast of the security situation and not take any unneccessary risks.

Tajikistan

Stay healthy

Tajikistan

Respect

Tajikistan

Contact

Tajikistan

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