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Senegal

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Africa : West Africa : Senegal
Flag
Image:sg-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalDakar
Governmentrepublic under multiparty democratic rule
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Areatotal: 196,190 sq km
land: 192,000 sq km
water: 4,190 sq km
Population10,589,571 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageFrench (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
ReligionMuslim 94%, indigenous beliefs 1%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic)

Senegal is a country in Western Africa. It is the westernmost country on the African continent. With a North Atlantic Ocean coastline in the west, Senegal has Guinea-Bissau to the south, Guinea to the southeast, Mali to the east, and Mauritania to the north. The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal in the middle of the western coast.

The Senegalese government's official website (http://www.gouv.sn) is in French.

Map of SenegalMap of Senegal
Map of Senegal

senegal Travel Guide :

Senegal

Regions

There are 10 regions:

  • Dakar
  • DiourbelDiourbel
  • FatickFatick
  • KaolackKaolack
  • KoldaKolda
  • LougaLouga
  • Saint-LouisSaint-Louis
  • Tambacounda
  • ThiesThies
  • ZiguinchorZiguinchor
  • note: there may be another region called Matam
Senegal

Cities

Senegal

Other destinations

Ports and harbors 
Matam, Podor, Richard Toll
Senegal

Understand

Senegal

Climate

Tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind; Natural hazards : lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts.

Senegal

Terrain

Generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

Highest point 
unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m
Senegal

History

Independence 
4 April 1960 (from France); complete independence was achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960
National holiday 
Independence Day, 4 April (1960)

Independent from France in 1960, Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. However, the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. Despite peace talks, a southern separatist group sporadically has clashed with government forces since 1982. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping.

Constitution 
a new constitution was adopted 7 January 2001
Senegal

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Senegal

By plane

Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

Talk

Languages 
French (official), Wolof, Soninke, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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Senegal

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