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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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Flag
Image:sb-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalSaint-Pierre
GovernmentNA
Currencyeuro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Areatotal: 242 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
water: 0 sq km
land: 242 sq km
Population6,954 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageFrench (official)
ReligionRoman Catholic 99%

saint pierre and miquelon Travel Guide :

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Regions

Map of Saint Pierre and MiquelonMap of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Map of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • The island of Saint Pierre (including the island of Grand Colombier, Petit Colombier, Île aux Marins). Saint-Pierre is the central area of activity in Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
  • Miquelon, the northern half of the larger island (inluding Le Cap, Miquelon (Grande Miquelon)). Home to the village of Miquelon, Basque and Acadian history, and a large amount of wildlife.
  • Langlade, the southern half of the larger island (Petite Miquelon). Characterized by small farming operations and summer homes.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Towns

  • Saint-PierreSaint-Pierre the only significantly populated town
  • MiquelonMiquelon a village
Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Understand

Saint-Pierre was a site for settlement by the French in the early 17th century, later abandoned under the Treaty of Utrecht, and returned to France in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years War. As well, the islands became a place of refuge for Acadian deportees from Nova Scotia. Saint-Pierre figures frequently in North American British-French relations. As well, it profited heavily from North American Prohibition, which did not affect this area technically part of France. It was depopulation and repopulated frequently, and now remains the last vestige of Imperial France within North America.

Like its northern neighbour Newfoundland, it is a key fishing centre close to the Grand Banks, some of the world's richest fishing grounds. However, like Newfoundland, the decline in cod stocks have seriously affected the fishery. As a result, tourism is becoming increasinly important to the economy. As a travel destination, St-Pierre et Miquelon is ideal for those interested in historical and cultural discovery, eco-tourism and the French language. Beyond its history, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon is a wonderful destination because of its mild refreshing climate, its beautiful landscapes, the quality of the air and the warmth of its inhabitants.

As a part of the European Union, the area has much in common with Europe, but also with its Canadian and American neighbours.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Get in

Despite being part of the European Union, immigration procedures are different. Canadians will need picture identification (Driver's Licence for example) and proof of citizenship (Birth Certificate), Europeans will need passports (on account of needing to pass through Canada), and all other nationalities will need passports and/or visas. Check with your local French Consulate or Embassy. Most travelers are only given a cursory inspection when entering St. Pierre.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

By plane

Air service to Saint-Pierre is available through:

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

By car

Travelling by car to Saint-Pierre requires driving through Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. As a result, you must take the ferry.

  • From Argentia, take Highway 100 northeast until the TransCanada Highway 1. Take 1 northwest to Highway 210. On 210, head southwest until Highway 220. Take 220 to Fortune.
  • From Port aux Basques, take Highway 470 west to TransCanada Highway 1. Take 1 east until Highway 210. On 210, head southwest until Highway 220. Take 220 to Fortune.

As the island of Newfoundland is home to a moose population of over 100,000, do drive slowly and cautiously, especially when driving at night. Remember that hitting a moose is not like hitting a deer--a moose is a tall beast, and your car will hit its legs, knocking the brunt of its weight into the windshield and you. This is the last thing you want to have happen.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

By bus

If you are going through Newfoundland via Port aux Basques, DRL Coachlines Ltd. offers daily scheduled passenger coach services between St. John's & Port Aux Basques on the island. DRL's head office is in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, but they can be reached toll-free at 1-888-738-8091. If you wish to reach their office in St. John's, call 1-709-738-8088.

Another bus service from Port Aux Basques to St. John's is Newhook's Transportation. Call them at 1-709-726-4876.

In either case, you'll need to get off the bus a short time after ClarenvilleClarenville to head southwest towards Fortune and the ferry to Saint-Pierre.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

By boat

Marine Atlantic ferry service runs from North SydneyNorth Sydney, Nova Scotia to Port aux BasquesPort aux Basques, Newfoundland and Labrador (on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland) throughout the year, and to ArgentiaArgentia, Newfoundland and Labrador (about 90km from St. John's) during the summer. The duration of the ride depends on the weather and water conditions, so patience is of the essence. It is advisable to call Marine Atlantic ahead of time to make a reservation (call 1-800-341-7981). If you are bringing a U-haul or something other than a passenger vehicle, you will likely be considered a Commercial Vehicle. Commercial Vehicles can only make reservations by doubling the usual fare. It is cheaper to simply take your number, wait in line and hope for the best.

In general, Marine Atlantic Ferries cater to your every whim, carrying food, alcohol, gift shops, cinemas and sleeping accommodations. There will be lots for you to do.

Once in Newfoundland, drive or take a bus to Fortune (see By car & By bus). From here, you'll leave your car and take the ferry to Saint-Pierre.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Get around

Given the fact the islands are quite small, the best way to get around each islands is either on foot, or by renting scooters. For longer distances, many taxis and a couple of tour buses are available.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Talk

The French spoken in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is very similar to that spoken in Normandy, Brittany and Paris. The islanders are quite proud of their linguistic heritage. The islands also have a Francophone Institute named the FrancoForum.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Buy

Like France, the official currency is the Euro, but in Saint-Pierre, it is also common for Canadian & American dollars to be accepted by merchants. Also like France, you will find that nearly everything is on the expensive side. Also like France, wine and cigarettes are very cheap.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Eat

French cuisine is ever so present in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. But those who love seafood should look into the Seafood Festival that is held every year in mid-August in the small town of Miquelon.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Sleep

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Stay safe

There is very little crime in Saint-Pierre et Miquelon and this destination should be considered one of the safest possible in North America.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Stay healthy

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Contact

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Tourism and Travel Links

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Community, Geography, Culture and History Links


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