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Pitcairn Islands

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Flag
Image:pc-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalAdamstown
GovernmentNA
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar (NZD)
Areatotal: 47 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 47 sq km
Population47 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageEnglish (official), Pitcairnese (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
ReligionSeventh-Day Adventist 100%



Pitcairn Island is not open to tourism. Visitors to this tiny island are only allowed with official permission, which is rarely given. Access to the island is by small motor boats which meet several times a year with passing cargo ships.


The remainder of this article is from the CIA World Factbook 2002

pitcairn islands Travel Guide :

Pitcairn Islands

Understand

Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.

Pitcairn Islands

Geography

Image:pc-map.png
Map of Pitcairn Islands
Location 
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates 
25 04 S, 130 06 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 47 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 47 sq km
Area - comparative 
about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
51 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate 
tropical, hot, humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)
Terrain 
rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m
Natural resources 
miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish
note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore
Land use 
arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
typhoons (especially November to March)
Environment - current issues 
deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)
Geography - note 
Britain's most isolated dependency; only the larger island of Pitcairn is inhabited but it has no port or natural harbor; supplies must be transported by rowed longboat from larger ships stationed offshore
Pitcairn Islands

People

Population 
47 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%
Population growth rate 
-1.32% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate 
NA deaths/1,000 population


Nationality 
noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)
adjective: Pitcairn Islander
Ethnic groups 
descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
Religions 
Seventh-Day Adventist 100%
Languages 
English (official), Pitcairnese (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
Pitcairn Islands

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
conventional short form: Pitcairn Islands
Dependency status 
overseas territory of the UK
Capital 
Adamstown
Administrative divisions 
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence 
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday 
Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Constitution 
1838; reformed 1904 with additional reforms in 1940; further refined by the Local Government Ordinance of 1964
Legal system 
local island by-laws
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal with three years residency
Executive branch 
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Martin WILLIAMS (since NA May 1998); Commissioner (nonresident) Leon SALT (since NA); serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council
election results: elected mayor; percent of vote - NA%
elections: the monarchy is herary; high commissioner and commissioner appointed by the monarch; island magistrate elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held NA December 1999 (next to be held NA December 2002)
head of government: Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Steve CHRISTIAN (since NA)
cabinet: NA
Legislative branch 
unicameral Island Council (10 seats - 6 elected by popular vote, 1 appointed by the 6 elected members, 2 appointed by the governor, and 1 seat for the Island Secretary; members serve one-year terms)
elections: last held NA December 2001 (next to be held NA December 2002)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - all independents
Judicial branch 
Island Court (island magistrate presides over the court and is elected every three years)
Political parties and leaders 
none
Political pressure groups and leaders 
none
International organization participation 
SPC
Flag description 
blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms is yellow, green, and light blue with a shield featuring a yellow anchor
Pitcairn Islands

Economy

Economy - overview 
The inhabitants of this tiny economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships.
Labor force 
12 able-bodied men (1997)
Labor force - by occupation 
no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Budget 
revenues: $729,884
expenditures: $878,119, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY94/95 est.)
Industries 
postage stamps, handicrafts
Electricity - production 
NA kWh; note - electric power is provided by a small diesel-powered generator
Agriculture - products 
wide variety of fruits and vegetables, goats, chickens
Exports 
$NA
Exports - commodities 
fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps
Imports - commodities 
fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
Currency 
New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Currency code 
NZD
Exchange rates 
New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776 (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8629 (1998), 1.5083 (1997)
Fiscal year 
1 April - 31 March
Pitcairn Islands

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
1 (there are 17 telephones on one party line) (1997)
Telephone system 
general assessment: only party line telephone service is available for this small, closely related community
domestic: party line service only
international: radiotelephone
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 
NA
Television broadcast stations 
0 (1997)
Televisions 
NA
Internet country code 
.pn
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
NA
Internet users 
NA
Pitcairn Islands

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: 6.4 km
paved: 0 km
unpaved: 6.4 km
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)
Merchant marine 
none (2002 est.)
Airports 
none (2001)
Pitcairn Islands

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Pitcairn Islands

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none
Pitcairn Islands

External Links


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