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Niue

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Flag
Image:ne-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalAlofi
Governmentself-governing parliamentary democracy
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar (NZD)
Areatotal: 260 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 260 sq km
Population2,134 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageNiuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English
ReligionEkalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 75%, Latter-Day Saints 10%, other 15% (mostly Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist)

Niue

Geography

Image:ne-map.png
Map of Niue
Location 
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Geographic coordinates 
19 02 S, 169 52 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 260 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 260 sq km
Area - comparative 
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
64 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Terrain 
steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m
Natural resources 
fish, arable land
Land use 
arable land: 19.23%
permanent crops: 7.69%
other: 73.08% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
typhoons
Environment - current issues 
increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
Geography - note 
one of world's largest coral islands
Niue

People

Population 
2,134 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%
Population growth rate 
0.5% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate 
NA deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate 
NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Sex ratio 
NA
Infant mortality rate 
NA deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: NA years
male: NA years
female: NA years
Total fertility rate 
NA children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
Nationality 
noun: Niuean(s)
adjective: Niuean
Ethnic groups 
Polynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Religions 
Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 75%, Latter-Day Saints 10%, other 15% (mostly Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist)
Languages 
Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English
Literacy 
definition: NA
total population: 95%
male: NA%
female: NA%
Niue

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Niue
former: Savage Island
Dependency status 
self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue
Government type 
self-governing parliamentary democracy
Capital 
Alofi
Administrative divisions 
none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second order
Independence 
on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand
National holiday 
Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Constitution 
19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Legal system 
English common law
note: Niue is self-governing, with the power to make its own laws
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal
Flag description 
yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large one on a blue disk in the center and a smaller one on each arm of the bold red cross
Niue

Economy

Economy - overview 
The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of migration of Niueans to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and a financial services industry, although Premier LAKATANI announced in February 2002 that Niue will shut down the offshore banking industry. Economic aid from New Zealand in 2002 will be about $2.6 million.
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Labor force - by occupation 
most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Unemployment rate 
NA%
Industries 
tourism, handicrafts, food processing
Electricity - production 
3 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption 
2.79 million kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products 
coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
Exports - commodities 
canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
Imports - commodities 
food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
Currency 
New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Currency code 
NZD
Exchange rates 
New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776 (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8629 (1998), 1.5082 (1997)
Fiscal year 
1 April - 31 March
Niue

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
376 (1991)
Telephones - mobile cellular 
0 (1991)
Telephone system 
domestic: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island
international: NA
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 
1,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 
1 (1997)
Televisions 
NA
Internet country code 
.nu
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
1 (2000)
Internet users 
NA
Niue

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: 234 km
paved: 86 km
unpaved: 148 km (106 km of which is access and plantation road) (2001)
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none; offshore anchorage only
Airports 
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Niue

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none
Niue

External Links


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