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Midway Islands

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Flag
Image:mq-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital
Government
Currency
Areatotal: 6.2 sq km
note: includes Eastern Island, Sand Island, and Spit Island
water: 0 sq km
land: 6.2 sq km
Populationno indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services cooperator living at the atoll (April 2002 est.)
Language
Religion

The US took formal possession of the islands in 1867. The laying of the trans-Pacific cable, which passed through the islands, brought the first residents in 1903. Between 1935 and 1947, Midway was used as a refueling stop for trans-Pacific flights. The US naval victory over a Japanese fleet off Midway in 1942 was one of the turning points of World War II. The islands continued to serve as a naval station until closed in 1993. Today the islands are a national wildlife refuge. From 1996 to 2001 the refuge was open to the public. It is now temporarily closed.


midway islands Travel Guide :

Midway Islands

Geography

Image:mq-map.png
Map of Midway Islands
Location 
Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-third of the way from Honolulu to Tokyo
Geographic coordinates 
28 13 N, 177 22 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 6.2 sq km
note: includes Eastern Island, Sand Island, and Spit Island
water: 0 sq km
land: 6.2 sq km
Area - comparative 
about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
15 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
subtropical, but moderated by prevailing easterly winds
Terrain 
low, nearly level
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 13 m
Natural resources 
wildlife, terrestrial and aquatic
Land use 
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards 
NA
Geography - note 
a coral atoll managed as a national wildlife refuge and open to the public for wildlife-related recreation in the form of wildlife observation and photography, sport fishing, snorkeling, and scuba diving; the refuge is temporarily closed for reorganization at present (2003)
Midway Islands

People

Population 
no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services cooperator living at the atoll (April 2002 est.)
Midway Islands

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Midway Islands
Dependency status 
unincorporated territory of the US; formerly administered from Washington, DC, by the US Navy, under Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pacific Division; this facility has been operationally closed since 10 September 1993; on 31 October 1996, through a presidential executive order, the jurisdiction and control of the atoll was transferred to the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system 
the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description 
the flag of the US is used
Midway Islands

Economy

Economy - overview 
The economy is based on providing support services for the national wildlife refuge activities located on the islands. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
Midway Islands

Transportation

Highways 
total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Waterways 
none
Pipelines 
7.8 km
Ports and harbors 
Sand Island
Airports 
1 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 2 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Midway Islands

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

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