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Mayotte

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Flag
Image:mf-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalMamoutzou
GovernmentNA
Currencyeuro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Areatotal: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 374 sq km
Population170,879 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageMahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
ReligionMuslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)

Mayotte

Geography

Image:mf-map.png
Map of Mayotte
Location 
Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates 
12 50 S, 45 10 E
Map references 
Africa
Area 
total: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 374 sq km
Area - comparative 
slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
185.2 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Terrain 
generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Benara 660 m
Natural resources 
NEGL
Land use 
arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
cyclones during rainy season
Geography - note 
part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands
Mayotte

People

Population 
170,879 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: 46.6% (male 39,927; female 39,628)
15-64 years: 51.7% (male 48,237; female 40,210)
65 years and over: 1.7% (male 1,429; female 1,448) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 
4.41% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
43.59 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate 
8.58 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate 
9.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio 
at birth: 1.03 mas)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 mas)/female
15-64 years: 1.2 mas)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 mas)/female
total population: 1.1 mas)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate 
67.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: 60.21 years
female: 62.37 years (2002 est.)
male: 58.12 years
Total fertility rate 
6.15 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
Nationality 
noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
adjective: Mahoran
Ethnic groups 
NA
Religions 
Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
Languages 
Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
Literacy 
definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
Mayotte

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
conventional short form: Mayotte
Dependency status 
territorial collectivity of France
Government type 
NA
Capital 
Mamoutzou
Administrative divisions 
none (territorial collectivity of France)
Independence 
none (territorial collectivity of France)
National holiday 
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution 
28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system 
French law
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal
Flag description 
the flag of France is used
Mayotte

Economy

Economy - overview 
Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Unemployment rate 
45% (1997) (1997)
Industries 
newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Electricity - production 
NA kWh
Agriculture - products 
vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), coffee, copra
Exports - commodities 
ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon
Imports - commodities 
food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicals
Currency 
euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Currency code 
EUR; FRF
Exchange rates 
euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997)
Fiscal year 
calendar year
Mayotte

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
12,000 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 
0 (2000)
Telephone system 
general assessment: small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommunications
domestic: NA
international: microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communications to Comoros (2001)
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2001)
Radios 
NA
Television broadcast stations 
3 (2001)
Televisions 
3,500 (1994)
Internet country code 
.yt
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
NA
Internet users 
NA
Mayotte

Transportation

Railways 
0 km (2002)
Highways 
total: 93 km
paved: 72 km
unpaved: 21 km
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
Dzaoudzi
Airports 
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Mayotte

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
claimed by Comoros

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