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Malay phrasebook

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Malay (Malay: Bahasa Melayu) is the sole official language of Malaysia and Brunei, and one of four in Singapore. It is closely related to Indonesian, but the main difference is the vocabulary: Indonesian has been heavily influenced by Dutch and Javanese (and also Sanskrit), while Malay has been heavily influenced by English and Arabic.

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malay phrasebook Travel Guide :

Malay phrasebook

Grammar

Malay word order is subject-verb-object like English. There are no plurals, grammatical gender, or verb conjugation for person, number or tense, all of which are expressed with adverbs or tense indicators: saya makan, "I eat" (now), saya makan sudah, "I eat already" = "I ate".

A characteristic of Malay is that it is a so-called agglutinative language, which means that the suffixes are all attached to a base root. So a word can become very long. For example there is a base word hasil which means "result". But it can be extended as far as ketidakberhasilannya, which means his/her failure.

Malay phrasebook

Pronunciation guide

Malay is very easy to pronounce: it has one of the most phonetic writing systems in the world, with only a small number of simple consonants and relatively few vowel sounds. One peculiarity of the spelling is the lack for a separate sign to denote the schwa. It is written as an 'e', which can sometimes be confusing.

Malay phrasebook

Vowels

like 'a' in "father"
like 'e' in "vowel" (schwa)
 
like 'e' in "bed", usually the difference between a schwa and an e is not indicated in writing
like 'i' in "thin"
like 'ow' in "low", in open positions or like 'o' in "top" in close positions
like 'oo' in "hoop", in open positions or like 'o' in ?hope? in close positions
Malay phrasebook

Consonants

like 'b' in "bed"
like 'ch' in "China"
ch 
old spelling of c
like 'd' in "dog"
like 'ph' in "phone"
like 'g' in "go"
like 'h' in "help"
like 'dg' in "edge"; in older romanizations also the vowel i
like 'c' in "cat", often silent at the end of a word
kh 
like 'ch' in "loch"
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "mother"
like 'n' in "nice"
like 'p' in "pig"
like 'q' in "quest" (with "u", almost always, only in Arabic borrowings)
like 'rr' in Spanish "perro"
like 'ss' in "hiss"
sy 
like 'sh' in "sheep"
like 't' in "top"
like 'ph' in "phone"
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'cks' in "kicks"
like 'y' in "yes"
like 's' in "hiss", like 'z' in "haze", like 'dg' in "edge"
Malay phrasebook

Common diphthongs

ai 
like 'ay' in "say"
au 
like 'ow' in "cow"
oi 
like 'oy' in "boy"
Malay phrasebook

Phrase list

Malay phrasebook

Basics

Tak nak?

Colloquial Malay shortens commonly used words mercilessly.

sudah → dah 
already
tidak → tak 
no
hendak → nak 
to want
aku → ku 
I (informal)
kamu → mu 
you (informal)

-ku and -mu also act as suffixes: keretaku is short for kereta aku, "my car".

Hello. 
Hello. (Hello)
Hello. (informal
Hi. (Hi)
How are you? 
Apa khabar? (AH-pAh KAH-bar?)
Fine, thank you. 
Baik, terima kasih. (BAYK, TREE-muh KUS-see)
What is your name? 
Siapa nama anda? (shah-puh NUM-muh UN-duh?)
My name is ______ . 
Nama saya ______ . (NUM-MUH suh-yuh _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Senang berjumpa dengan Anda. (SNUNG burr-tuh-moo UN-duh)
Please. 
Silakan. (see-LUH-kunn)
Please. (request) 
Tolong. (TOH-long)
Thank you. 
Terima kasih.
You're welcome. 
Sama-sama. (?)
Yes. 
Ya. (YUH)
No. 
Tidak. (TEE-duh), Tak (TAH)
Maybe 
Mungkin. (Munk-Kin)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Boleh tumpang tanya? ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Maaf. (?)
I'm sorry. 
Maaf. (?)
Goodbye 
Selamat tinggal. (?), Selamat Jalan
Goodbye (informal
...
I can't speak Malay well. 
Saya tidak boleh berbahasa Melayu dengan baik. (?)
Do you speak English? 
Boleh anda cakap bahasa Inggeris? (?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Ada orang yang boleh berbahasa Inggeris? (?), Ada sesiapa yang boleh bercakap Inggeris di sini?
Help! 
Tolong! (?)
Look out! 
Hati-hati! (?)
Good morning. 
Selamat pagi. (slum-mut PUH-GUEE)
Good afternoon. 
Selamat petang.
Good evening. 
Selamat petang. (?)
Good night. 
Selamat malam. (?)
Good night (to sleep
Selamat tidur. (?)
I don't understand. 
Saya tidak faham. (?)
Where is the toilet? 
Tandas di mana? (TAHN-das DEE muh-nuh?)
Malay phrasebook

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Jangan ganggu saya. (...)
Don't touch me! 
Jangan pegang saya! (...)
I'll call the police. 
Saya akan panggil polis. (...)
Police! 
Polis! (...)
Stop! Thief! 
Berhenti! Pencuri! (...)
I need your help. 
Saya perlukan bantuan anda. (...)
It's an emergency. 
Ini kecemasan. (...)
I'm lost. 
Saya tersesat. (...)
I lost my bag. 
Saya kehilangan beg saya. (...)
I lost my wallet. 
Saya kehilangan dompet saya. (...)
I'm sick. 
Saya sakit. (...)
I've been injured. 
Saya terluka. (...)
I need to see a doctor. 
Saya perlu jumpa doktor. (...)
Can I use your phone? 
Boleh saya gunakan telefon anda? (...)
Malay phrasebook

Numbers

Sifar / kosong (COSS-song)
satu (...)
dua (...)
tiga (...)
empat (...)
lima (...)
enam (...)
tujuh (...)
lapan (...)
sembilan (...)
10 
sepuluh (...)
11 
sebelas (...)
12 
duabelas (...)
13 
tigabelas (...)
14 
empatbelas
20 
duapuluh (...)
21 
duapuluh satu (...)
22 
duapuluh dua (...)
23 
duapuluh tiga (...)
30 
tiga puluh (...)
40 
empat puluh (...)
50 
lima puluh (...)
100 
seratus (...)
200 
dua ratus (...)
300 
tiga ratus (...)
1000 
seribu (...)
1100 
seribu seratus (...)
1152 
seribu seratus lima puluh dua (...)
1200 
seribu duaratus (...)
1500 
seribu limaratus (...)
2000 
dua ribu (...)
2100 
dua ribu seratus (...)
10,000 
sepuluh ribu (...)
20,000 
duapuluh ribu (...)
100,000 
seratus ribu (...)
150,000 
seratus limapuluh ribu (...)
156,125 
seratus limapuluh enam ribu seratus duapuluh lima (...)
250,000 
duaratus limapuluh ribu / Suku juta (quarter of a million) (...)
500,000 
limaratus ribu / setengah juta (half a million) (...)
1,000,000 
satu juta (...)
1,150,000 
satu juta seratus limapuluh ribu (...)
1,250,000 
satu suku juta (...)
1,500,000 
satu setengah juta (...)
1,750,000 
satu juta tujuh ratus limapuluh ribu (...)
1,000,000,000 
satu milion
1,000,000,000,000 
satu trilium
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
nombor _____ (...)
half 
setengah (...)
quarter 
suku (...)
three quarter 
tiga suku (...)
less 
kurang (...)
more 
lebih (...)
Malay phrasebook

Time

now 
sekarang (...)
later 
nanti (...)
before 
sebelum (...)
after 
selepas (...)
morning 
pagi (0.00 ? 10.30) (...)
afternoon 
tengahari (10.30 ? 15.00) (...)
evening 
petang (15.00 ? 19.00) (...)
night 
malam (19.00 ? 0.00) (...)
Malay phrasebook

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
pukul satu pagi (...)
two o'clock AM 
pukul dua pagi (...)
noon 
siang hari (...)
one o'clock PM 
pukul satu petang (...)
two o'clock PM 
pukul dua petang (...)
midnight 
tengah malam (...)
Malay phrasebook

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minit (...)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ jam (...)
_____ day(s) 
_____ hari (...)
_____ week(s) 
_____ minggu (MEENG-goo)
_____ month(s) 
_____ bulan (BOO-lun)
_____ year(s) 
_____ tahun (...)
_____ hour(s) and _____ minute(s) 
If the minute is in numbers, _____jam _____ minit. If the minute is expressed as a fraction of the hour e.g two and a half hour: dua jam setengah. (NOT dua setengah jam)
Malay phrasebook

Days

today 
hari ini (...)
yesterday 
In peninsular Malaysia: semalam (se-mah-lam), kelmarin (kuh-MAR-reen) (in Borneo)
the day before yesterday 
kelmarin
tomorrow 
esok (ay-SOAK)
the day after tomorrow 
lusa (loo-Sa)
this week 
minggu ini (MEENG-goo EE-nee)
last week 
minggu lepas (MEENG-goo lep-pass)
next week 
minggu depan (MEENG-goo DUP-pun)
Sunday 
Ahad
Monday 
Isnin
Tuesday 
Selasa (SLUH-suh)
Wednesday 
Rabu (RUH-boo)
Thursday 
Khamis (KHUM-mees)
Friday 
Jumaat (joom-muh-UTT)
Saturday 
Sabtu (SUB-too)
Malay phrasebook

Months

January 
Januari (...)
February 
Februari (...)
March 
Mac (MAH-ch)
April 
April (...)
May 
Mei (...)
June 
Jun (JOON)
July 
Julai (JOOL-ly)
August 
Ogos (oh-GOOS)
September 
September (...)
October 
Oktober (...)
November 
November (...)
December 
Disember (dee-SEM-burr)
Malay phrasebook

Writing time and date

Malay phrasebook
Writing time
1.00 
pukul satu
1.01 
pukul satu, satu minit
1.15 
pukul satu suku
1.20 
pukul satu duapuluh
1.30 
pukul satu setengah
1.40 
pukul satu empat puluh
1.45 
pukul satu empat puluh lima
The hours are written from zero to 12. So 06.00 PM is written as 6.00PM.
Malay phrasebook
Date

First one should write the day, after that the month and then the year.

August 17th 1945 
17 Ogos 1945
Malay phrasebook

Colors

black 
hitam (HEE-tum)
white 
putih (POO-teeh)
gray 
kelabu (kuh-LAH-boo)
red 
merah (MAY-ruh)
blue 
biru (BEE-roo)
yellow 
kuning (KOO-neeng)
green 
hijau (HEE-jow)
orange 
oren (oh-rain)
purple 
ungu (OONG-oo)
brown 
coklat (CHOC-klutt), also the word for chocolate
Malay phrasebook

Transportation

Malay phrasebook

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Berapa harga tiket ke _____? (...)
One ticket to _____, please. 
Tolong, satu tiket ke _____. (...)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Keretapi/bus ini ke mana? (...)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Di mana keretapi/bus ke _____? (...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Keretapi/bus ini berhenti di _____? (...)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Bila keretapi/bus ke _____ berangkat? (...)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Bila keretapi/bus ini sampai di _____? (...)
Malay phrasebook

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Bagaimana saya pergi ke _____ ? (...)
...the train station? 
...stesen kereta api?
...the bus station? 
...terminal/stesen bas? (...)
...the airport? 
...lapangan terbang? (...)
...downtown? 
...kota? (...)
...the _____ hotel? 
... hotel _____ ? (...)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British embassy/consulate? 
... Kedutaan Besar/Konsulat Amerika / Australia / British / Kanada? (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Di mana ada banyak... (...)
...hotels? 
...hotel? (...)
...restaurants? 
...restoran? (...)
...bars? 
...bar? (...)
...sites to see? 
...tempat-tempat menarik? (...)
Can you show me on the map? 
Boleh anda tunjukkan di peta? (Bo-LAY un-duh TOON-jook-kan dee PE-TUH?)
street 
jalan (...)
Turn left. 
Belok kiri. (...)
Turn right. 
Belok kanan. (...)
left 
kiri (...)
right 
kanan (...)
straight ahead 
lurus (...)
towards the _____ 
menuju _____ (...)
past the _____ 
melepasi _____ (...)
before the _____ 
sebelum _____ (...)
Watch for the _____. 
Perhatikan _____. (...)
intersection 
persilangan (...)
north 
utara (...)
south 
selatan (...)
east 
timur (...)
west 
barat (...)
north-east 
timur laut (...)
north-west 
barat laut (...)
south-east 
tenggara (tuhng-GAH-rah)
south-west 
barat daya (...)
Malay phrasebook

Taxi

Taxi! 
Teksi! (Tech-see)
Take me to _____, please. 
Boleh bawa saya ke _____. (...)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Berapa harganya ke _____? (...)
Take me there, please. 
Tolong hantar saya ke sana. (...)
Malay phrasebook

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Ada bilik kosong? (UH-duh bee-lick COS-SONG?)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Berapa harga bilik untuk satu/dua orang? (...)
Does the room come with... 
Adakah ini termasuk... (...)
...bedsheets? 
...alas/sarong tilam? (...)
...a bathroom? 
...bilik mandi? (...)
...a telephone? 
...telefon? (...)
...a TV? 
...TV? (tee-vEE)
May I see the room first? 
Boleh lihat biliknya dulu? (...)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Ada yang lebih sunyi? (...)
...bigger? 
...besar? (...)
...cleaner? 
...bersih? (...)
...cheaper? 
...murah? (...)
OK, I'll take it. 
Baik saya mahu. (BAYK, sah-yah MaH-oo)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Saya akan tinggal untuk _____ malam. (...)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Boleh cadangkan hotel lain? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
Anda ada peti besi? (...)
...lockers? 
...peti? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Sudah termasuk sarapan/makan malam? (...)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Pukul berapa sarapan/makan malam ? (...)
Please clean my room. 
Tolong bersihkan bilik saya. (...)
Can you wake me at _____? 
Boleh tolong bangunkan saya pada pukul _____? (...)
I want to check out. 
Saya hendak check out. (...)
Malay phrasebook

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Anda menerima dolar Amerika /Australia / Kanada? (...)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Anda menerima poundsterling Inggeris? (...)
Do you accept cr cards? 
Anda menerima kad kr? (...)
Can you change money for me? 
Boleh tolong tukar wang? (...)
Where can I get money changed? 
Di mana saya boleh tukar wang? (...)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Boleh tolong tukar traveler's check saya? (...)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Di mana saya boleh tukar traveler's check? (...)
What is the exchange rate? 
Apa kadar tukarnya? (...)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Di mana ada ATM? (dee MUN-nuh UH-duh AH-TEY-EM)
Malay phrasebook

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Tolong, satu meja untuk satu/dua orang. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Bolehkah saya lihat menu? (...)
Is there a house specialty? 
Ada makanan istimewa? (...)
Is there a local specialty? 
Ada makanan khas di tempat ini? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Saya vegetarian. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
Saya tidak makan babi. (...)
I don't eat beef. 
Saya tidak makan sapi. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter
Boleh tolong kurangkan minyak/mentega? (...)
I want _____. 
Saya mahu pesan _____. (...)
I want a dish containing _____. 
Saya mahu makanan yang mengandungi _____. (...)
chicken 
ayam (...)
beef 
daging lembu (...)
fish 
ikan (...)
ham 
ham (...)
sausage 
sosis (...)
cheese 
keju (...)
eggs 
telur (...)
salad 
salad (...)
(fresh) vegetables 
sayuran (...)
(fresh) fruit 
buah-buahan (...)
bread 
roti (...)
toast 
roti bakar (...)
noodles 
mee (MEE)
rice 
nasi (...)
May I have a glass of _____? 
Saya ingin satu gelas _____. (...)
May I have a cup of _____? 
Saya ingin satu cawan_____. (...)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Saya ingin satu botol _____. (...)
coffee 
kopi (...)
tea (drink
teh (...)
juice 
jus (...)
soft drink 
air bersoda (...) (Use brand name instead eg Coke/Sprite)
water 
air (AH-yer)
beer 
bir (...)
red/white wine 
wain merah/putih (...)
May I have some _____? 
Saya ingin _____? (...)
salt 
garam (...)
black pepper 
lada hitam (LAH-duh HEE-tum)
butter 
mentega (muhn-TEY-gah)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Encik! (male) Cik! (female) (...)
I'm finished. 
Saya sudah selesai. (...)
It was delicious. 
Tadi enak rasanya. (...)
Please clear the plates. 
Tolong ambil piring. (...)
Please clean the table 
Tolong kemaskan meja (...)
The check, please. 
Saya mahu bayar. (...)
Malay phrasebook

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
Anda juga menyajikan alkohol? (...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
Tolong, satu/dua bir. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
Tolong, satu gelas wain merah/putih. (...)
A bottle, please. 
Tolong, satu botol. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
_____ and _____, please. (...)
whisky 
whisky (...)
vodka 
vodka (...)
rum 
rum (...)
water 
air (...)
club soda 
club soda (...)
tonic water 
tonic water (...)
orange juice 
jus oren (...)
Coke (soda
Coca-cola (...)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Ada makanan ringan? (...)
I would like another one, please 
Saya mahu satu lagi. (...)
When is closing time? 
Pukul berapa tutup? (...)
Malay phrasebook

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
Ada tak saiz saya? (...)
How much is this? 
Berapa harganya? (...)
That's too expensive. 
Terlalu mahal. (tur-LAH-loo muh-HUL)
Would you take _____? 
Would you take _____? (...)
expensive 
mahal (...)
cheap 
murah (...)
I can't afford it. 
Saya tidak mampu beli itu. (...)
I don't want it. 
tak mahu (informal) / Saya tidak mahu (formal) (...)
You're cheating me. 
Kamu tipukan saya? (...)
I'm not interested. 
Saya tidak berminat. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, saya mahu. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
Ada beg? (...)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Boleh kirim (ke luar negeri)? (...)
I need... 
Saya perlu... (...)
...toothpaste. 
...ubat gigi. (...)
...a toothbrush. 
...berus gigi. (...)
...condoms. 
...kondom. (...)
...tampons. 
...softeks / pembalut. (...)
...soap. 
...sabun. (...)
...shampoo. 
...syampu. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...ubat sakit (aspirin, parasetamol, ?) (Note: ibuprofen is not widely available). (...)
...cold medicine. 
...ubat selsema. (...)
...stomach medicine. 
...ubat sakit perut. (...)
...a razor. 
...cukur. (...)
...an umbrella. 
...payung. (...)
...a postcard. 
...poskad. (...)
...postage stamps. 
...setem. (...)
...batteries. 
...bateri. (...)
...writing paper. 
...kertas. (...)
...a pen. 
...pen. (...)
...English-language books. 
...buku-buku Inggeris. (...)
...English-language magazines. 
...majalah Inggeris. (...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...surat khabar Inggeris. (...)
...an English-Malay dictionary. 
...kamus Inggeris-Melayu. (...)
Malay phrasebook

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
Saya mau sewa kereta. (...)
Can I get insurance? 
Boleh saya minta insurans? (...)
stop (on a street sign
berhenti (...)
one way 
jalan sehala (...)
no parking 
dilarang meletak kereta (...)
gas (petrol) station 
stesen petrol (...)
petrol 
premium (...)
diesel 
diesel (...)
Malay phrasebook

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
Saya tidak melakukan sebarang kesalahan. (...)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Ianya satu salah faham. (...)
Where are you taking me? 
Kemana awak hendak bawa saya ? (...)
Am I under arrest? 
Adakah saya ditahan ? (...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Saya warganegara Amerika /Australia / Inggeris / Kanada. (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Saya ingin bercakap dengan Kedutaan Besar/Konsulat Amerika / Australia / Inggeris / Kanada. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Saya ingin bercakap dengan peguambela. (...)
Can I just pay a fine here? 
Bolehkah saya membayar denda di sini? (...)
Malay phrasebook

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