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The city of Luxembourg is the capital of the country of Luxembourg. It's spectacular valleys and plateaus led it to be nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the North"
If you are in Luxembourg, chances are you're staying in Luxembourg City so getting in won't be a problem. If you are staying elsewhere then just remember that all buses lead to Luxembourg City.
- The best way to get around Luxembourg is by foot and bus. Due to the city's small size and nice scenery by foot is also the best way to appreciate it. Buses are regular and they all pass through the central bus station Hamilius.
- Also in the city is the country's main station and this can be got to by most buses. The station is a good way of getting around the country or speedily getting into any of the neighbouring countries.
- The Casemates Bock is a network of underground fortifications, built in the 18th century, that tunnel under the city. The fortifications and environs are recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The old town is the particular scenic part of the city, but all around town you can spot details that remind you of Luxembourg's historical value.
- Just near the Hamilius bus station are Place Guillaume and the Place d'Armes. Place Guillaume (also known in Luxembourgish as the Knuedler) is the venue for a market every Wednesday and Saturday. It is also the site of an equestrian statue of William II of the Netherlands and Luxembourg and the neo-classical Town Hall which is fronted by two bronze lions. During the summer months the Place d'Armes is filled with tables and chairs from the surroundng cafes and at the centre of the square is the bandstand around which various concert seasons are based.
- Just off the Place Guillaume is the Grand Ducal Palace which was fully restored during the nineties. It also houses the Luxembourgish Parliament the Chamber of Deputies.
- Also of note is the Cathedrale de Notre Dame. This was built between 1613 and 1618 by Jesuits and was elevated to the status of cathedral in 1870. Nearby is the Gëlle Fra - literally 'Golden Lady'. This is a golden figure of a woman holding a wreath a symbol of victory. It was taken down by the Nazi's during occupation, but stands today as a memorial to those who gave their lives in World War II.
- In the Petrusse valley you will find the Eglise St. Michel. This church took on its present form in 1688, but was probably built in the early 14th century. It was restored during 2003 and 2004.
Luxembourg American Cemetry and Memorial
- World War II Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial (http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries/cemeteries/lx.php): Located in the eastern section of Luxembourg City, just south of the airport. Open daily except for December 25 and January 1; 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The Cemetary is the final resting place for 5,076 American military Dead, most lost during the Battle of the Bulge. A monument is inscribed with the names of 371 Americans whose remains were never found or idetified. Two large stone pylons with operations maps made of inlaid granites describe the achievements of American Armed Forces in the region during World War II. Free.
- Luxembourg has a very large population of Italians that came to Luxembourg in the late 19th century so Pizzerias in Luxembourg are always very reliable and common.
- For something cheap and quick the Place d'Armes is the best bet, with MacDonalds, Pizza Hut and the usual crowd all present.