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Korean phrasebook

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Korean (??? hangungmal or ??? chos?nmal) is spoken in South and North Korea.

korean phrasebook Travel Guide :

Korean phrasebook

Grammar

Korean word order is subject-object-verb: "I-subject him-object see-verb." Subjects, especially, I and you, are often omitted if these are clear from the context.

There are no adjectives but verbs with the meaning of an adjective which an be used as a verb (appel red-be) or like an adjective (appel red-be became).

There are no articles, genders, or declensions. It has extensive verb conjugations indicating tense and honorific level. There is a plural form, but it is very often omitted.

Korean has postpositions instead of prepositions: hanguk-e, "Korea in" instead of "in Korea."

Koreans refer to each other rather in terms like elder brother, elder sister, younger sibling, uncle, aunt, grandmother, grandfather, manager, teacher etc. than by using the word you. It's not uncommon to refer to yourself by using such an expression. You can also call somebody an aunt, uncle or brother if this person is actually not. Most korean girls call their boyfriend older brother.

Depending on the relation to the person you have conversation with, it's necessary to find the correct level of politeness. If the person is considered to be higher in the hierarchy, a very polite form has to be used, while this person will use a less polite form to address you as a lower person. Koreans often ask very personal questions (about your age, occupation, income, family status etc.) in order to find out in which form they should use when talking to you.

Korean phrasebook

Pronunciation guide

Korean phrasebook

Vowels

Korean phrasebook

Consonants

Korean phrasebook

Common diphthongs

Korean phrasebook

Phrase list

Korean phrasebook

Basics

Hello. 
??????. ( annyoung hashimnikka)
Hello. (informal
??. ( annyoung)
How are you? 
??? ?????? (Eo-ddeo'ke ji naeshimnikka?)
Fine, thank you. 
? ????, ?????. (Jal jinaemnida )
What is your name? 
??? ??? ?????? (dangshin-ui ireum-eun mu-eot-imnida?)
My name is ______ . 
? ??? ______???. (Je ireum-eun ____ imnida.)
Nice to meet you. 
??? ?????. (Mannaseo pangapseumnida)
Please. 
?????. (but'ak hamnida)
Thank you. 
?????. ( kamsa hamnida)
You're welcome. 
????. (cheon maneyo )
Yes. 
?/?. ( ye/ne)
No. 
???. ( anio)
Excuse me. (getting attention
?????. (shille hamnida )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
?????. (juay song hamnida )
I'm sorry. 
?????. ( juay song hamnida)
Goodbye 
??? ????/????. (annyeonghi kashipsio/kyeshipsio)
Goodbye (informal
??. ( annyoung)
I can't speak name of language well. 
?? ???? ? ????. ( )
Do you speak English? 
??? ????? (yong-eo reul hashimnikka?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
??? ??? ??? ? ????? (yeogi-eh yong-eo reul hashineun bun kyeshimnikka?)
Help! 
??????! (Dowaju shipshio!)
Look out! 
??????! (Jushimha shipshio!)
Good morning. 
?? ?????. (Joh-eun ah-chim-imnida)
Good evening. 
?? ?????. (Joh-eun jeonyeok imnida)
Good night. 
?? ????. (joh-eun bamimnida)
Good night (to sleep
??? ?????. (annyeonghi jumushipshio)
I don't understand. 
??? ????. (ee-haega ankamnida)
Where is the toilet? 
???? ??? ????? (hwajangshilee eodi-eh it-seumnida?)
Korean phrasebook

Problems

Leave me alone. 
?? ??? ????. (honja naebeoryeo dushipshio.)
Don't touch me! 
??? ????! (manjiji mashipshio!)
I'll call the police. 
??? ??????. (Kyeongchal-eul bureuket-seumnida!)
Police! 
??! (Kyeongchal!)
Stop! Thief! 
??! ????! (Seora! Dodookiya!)
I need your help. 
??? ??? ?????. (Dangshin-eun do-oomee p'ilyohamnida.)
It's an emergency. 
?? ?????. (eungkeup sanghwangimnida.)
I'm lost. 
?? ?????. (kil-eul ilheot-seumnida.)
I lost my bag. 
??? ?????. (kabangeul ilhyeotseumnida.)
I lost my wallet. 
??? ?????. (jakapeul ilhyeotseumnida.)
I'm sick. 
????. (ah-peumnida.)
I've been injured. 
??? ?????. (sangcheoreul ipeotseumnida.)
I need a doctor. 
??? ?????. (ui-saga p'ilyohamnida.)
Can I use your phone? 
??? ???? ???? ?????? (dangshin-ui jeolhwagireul sayonghaedo dwiket-seumnikka?)
Korean phrasebook

Numbers

Numbers

? (il)
? (ee)
? (sam)
? (sa)
? (oh)
? (yook)
? (chil)
? (p'al)
? (goo)
10 
? (ship)
11 
?? (shipil)
12 
?? (shipi)
13 
?? (shipsam)
14 
?? (shipsa)
15 
?? (ship-oh)
16 
?? (shipyook)
17 
?? (shipchil)
18 
?? (ship-p'al)
19 
?? (shipgu)
20 
?? (ee-ship)
21 
??? (ee-ship-il)
22 
??? (ee-ship-ee)
23 
??? (ee-ship-sam)
30 
?? (samship)
40 
?? (saship)
50 
?? (oh-ship)
60 
?? (yookship)
70 
?? (chilship)
80 
?? (p'alship)
90 
?? (gooship)
100 
? (baek)
200 
?? (ee-baek)
300 
?? (sam-baek)
1000 
? (cheon)
2000 
?? (ee-cheon)
1,000,000 
?? (baek-man)
1,000,000,000 
?? (shipeok)
1,000,000,000,000 
? (jo)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
_____ ? (??, ??, etc.) (beon (yeolcha, beoseu, etc.)
half 
? (ban)
less 
? (deol)
more 
? (deo)
Korean phrasebook

Time

now 
?? (jigeum)
later 
??? (najoong-eh)
before 
?? (jeon-eh)
morning 
?? (ah-chim)
afternoon 
?? (o-hu)
evening 
?? (jeonyeok)
night 
? (bam)
Korean phrasebook

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
?? ? ? (ohjyeon han shi)
two o'clock AM 
?? ? ? (ohjyeon du shi)
noon 
?? (jeong-oh)
one o'clock PM 
?? ? ? (o-hu han shi)
two o'clock PM 
?? ? ? (o-hu du shi)
midnight 
?? (jajeong)
Korean phrasebook

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ ? (___ boon)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ ?? (___ shigan)
_____ day(s) 
_____ ? (___ il)
_____ week(s) 
_____ ? (___ ju)
_____ month(s) 
_____ ? (___ dal)
_____ year(s) 
_____ ? (...)
Korean phrasebook

Days

today 
?? (oh-neul)
yesterday 
?? (eo-jeh)
tomorrow 
?? (nae-il)
this week 
?? ? (ee-beon ju)
last week 
?? ? (jeenan ju)
next week 
?? ? (da-eum ju)
Sunday 
??? (ilyo-il)
Monday 
??? (weolyo-il)
Tuesday 
??? (hwayo-il)
Wednesday 
??? (suyo-il)
Thursday 
??? (mokyo-il)
Friday 
??? (keumyo-il)
Saturday 
??? (t'oh-yo-il)
Korean phrasebook

Months

January 
?? (ilweol)
February 
?? (ee-weol)
March 
?? (samweol)
April 
?? (saweol)
May 
?? (oh-weol)
June 
?? (yook-weol)
July 
?? (chilweol)
August 
?? (palweol)
September 
?? (goo-weol)
October 
?? (shipweol)
November 
??? (shipilweol)
December 
??? (ship-ee-weol)
Korean phrasebook

Writing time and date

12-24-2005 is in Korean the same as in English (12-24-2005).

January 1st, 2005 
???? ?? ?? (ee-cheol-oh-nyeon ilweol il-il)
January 2nd 
?? ?? (ilweol ee-il.)
January 3rd 
?? ?? (ilweol samil)
January 10th 
?? ?? (ilweol shipil)
January 11th 
?? ??? (ilweol shipil-il)
January 20th 
?? ??? (ilweol ee-shipil)
January 30th 
?? ??? (ilweol samshipil)
January 31th 
?? ???? (ilweol samshipil-il)
February 1st 
?? ?? (iweol il-il)
December 25th 
??? ???? (ship-ee-weol ee-ship-oh-il)
December 31th 
??? ???? (ship-ee-weol samshipil-il)
Korean phrasebook

Colors

black 
??? (geon-eunsaek)
white 
?? (hwinsaek)
gray 
?? (hwasaek)
red 
??? (bbalgansaek)
blue 
??? (p'aransaek)
yellow 
??? (noransaek)
green 
??? (choroksaek)
orange 
??? (joo-hwangsaek)
purple 
??? (jajoo-saek)
brown 
?? (kalsaek)
Korean phrasebook

Transportation

Korean phrasebook

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
_____? ?? ?? ?????? (...)
One ticket to _____, please. 
_____? ?? ? ? ???. (...)
Where does this train/bus go? 
? ??/??? ??? ???? (...)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
_____? ?? ??/??? ??? ????? (...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
? ??/??? _____? ???? (...)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
_____? ?? ??/??? ?? ?????? (...)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
? ??/??? _____? ?? ?????? (...)
Korean phrasebook

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
_____? ??? ??? ?? ??? ? (...)
...the train station? 
...???? (...)
...the bus station? 
...?? ???? (...)
...the airport? 
...??? (...)
...downtown? 
...??? (...)
...the youth hostel? 
...?? ???? (...)
...the _____ hotel? 
..._____ ??? (...)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...??/???/???????/?? ???? (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
?? ...?? ??? ???? (...)
...hotels? 
...???? (...)
...restaurants? 
...????? (...)
...bars? 
...??? (...)
...sites to see? 
...????? (...)
Can you show me on the map? 
????? ??? ??????? (...)
street 
?? (...)
Turn left. 
???? ????. (...)
Turn right. 
????? ????. (...)
left 
?? (...)
right 
??? (...)
straight ahead 
?? ???? (...)
towards the _____ 
_____? ?? (...)
past the _____ 
_____? ?? (...)
before the _____ 
_____ ?? (...)
Watch for the _____. 
_____? ??????. (...)
intersection 
??? (...)
north 
? (...)
south 
? (...)
east 
? (...)
west 
? (...)
uphill 
???? (...)
downhill 
????(...)
Korean phrasebook

Taxi

Taxi! 
??! (...)
Take me to _____, please. 
_____? ??? ????. (...)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
_____? ?? ?? ??? ???? (...)
Take me there, please. 
??? ??? ????. (...)
Korean phrasebook

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
? ????? (...)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
? ??/? ??? ?? ?????? (...)
Does the room come with... 
? ??? ...? ????? (...)
...bedsheets? 
...???? (...)
...a bathroom? 
...???? (...)
...a telephone? 
...???? (...)
...a TV? 
...???? (...)
May I see the room first? 
?? ?? ?? ?????? (...)
Do you have anything quieter? 
? ??? ? ????? (...)
...bigger? 
...? ?? (...)
...cleaner? 
...? ???? (...)
...cheaper? 
...? ?? (...)
OK, I'll take it. 
????, ???? ?????. (...)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
_____ ? ?????. (...)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
?? ??? ?? ??????? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
?? ????? (...)
...lockers? 
...???? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
????/???? ? ?????? (...)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
????/???? ? ?????? (...)
Please clean my room. 
?? ??? ????. (...)
Can you wake me at _____? 
_____ ?? ????????? (...)
I want to check out. 
?? ???? ????. (...)
Korean phrasebook

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
??/???????/??? ?? ?????? (...)
Do you accept British pounds? 
?? ??? ?????? (...)
Do you accept cr cards? 
?? ?? ?????? (...)
Can you change money for me? 
?? ???????? (...)
Where can I get money changed? 
???? ??? ? ????? (...)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
??? ??? ???? ????????? (...)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ? ????? (...)
What is the exchange rate? 
??? ?????? (...)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
?? ?? ???? ??? ????? (...)
Korean phrasebook

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
? ??/? ?? ??? ?????. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
??? ?? ?????? (...)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
??? ?? ?????? (...)
Is there a house specialty? 
? ?? ?? ??? ????? (...)
Is there a local specialty? 
? ??? ?? ??? ????? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
?? ????????. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
?? ????? ?? ????. (...)
I don't eat beef. 
?? ???? ?? ????. (...)
I only eat kosher food. 
?? ??? ??? ????. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Can you make it "lite", please? (...)
fixed-price meal 
?? ?? (...)
à la carte 
à la carte (...)
breakfast 
?? ?? (...)
lunch 
?? ?? (...)
tea (meal
? (...)
supper 
?? ?? (...)
I want _____. 
?? _____? ????. (...)
I want a dish containing _____. 
?? _____?/? ???? ??? ?? ????. (...)
chicken 
???/?? (...)
beef 
??? (...)
fish 
?? (...)
ham 
? (...)
sausage 
??? (...)
cheese 
?? (...)
eggs 
??/?? (...)
salad 
??? (...)
(fresh) vegetables 
(???) ?? (...)
(fresh) fruit 
(???) ?? (...)
bread 
? (...)
toast 
??? (...)
noodles 
?? (...)
rice 
? (...)
beans 
? (...)
May I have a glass of _____? 
_____ ? ? ??????? (...)
May I have a cup of _____? 
_____ ? ? ??????? (...)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
_____ ? ? ??????? (...)
coffee 
?? (...)
tea (drink
? (...)
juice 
?? (...)
(bubbly) water 
??? (...)
water 
? (...)
beer 
?? (...)
red/white wine 
?/? ??? (...)
May I have some _____? 
_____?/? ?? ??? ?????? (...)
salt 
?? (...)
black pepper 
?? (...)
butter 
?? (...)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
???? (Literally, this means "Here." (...)
I'm finished. 
? ?????. (...)
It was delicious. 
??????. (...)
Please clear the plates. 
??? ??????. (...)
The check, please. 
??? ?????. (...)
Korean phrasebook

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
? ???? (...)
Is there table service? 
(...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
?? ?/? ? ?????. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
?/? ??? ? ? ?????. (...)
A pint, please. 
. (...)
A bottle, please. 
? ? ?????. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
(...)
whiskey 
??? (...)
vodka 
??? (...)
rum 
? (...)
water 
? (...)
club soda 
??? (...)
tonic water 
?? ?? (...)
orange juice 
??? ?? (...)
Coke (soda
?? (...)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
 ? (...)
One more, please. 
? ? ? ?????. (...)
Another round, please. 
(...)
When is closing time? 
?? ????? (...)
Korean phrasebook

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
? ??? ? ??? ????? (...)
How much is this? 
??? ?????? (...)
That's too expensive. 
?? ????. (...)
Would you take _____? 
_____ ?????? (...)
expensive 
?? (...)
cheap 
? (...)
I can't afford it. 
??? ? ??? ????. (...)
I don't want it. 
??? ??? ????. (...)
You're cheating me. 
?? ??? ???. (...)
I'm not interested. 
?? ????. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
????, ??? ?????. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
??? ? ? ????? (...)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
(???) ?????? (...)
I need... 
?? ...? ????? (...)
...toothpaste. 
...??. (...)
...a toothbrush. 
...??. (...)
...tampons. 
...??. (...)
...soap. 
...??. (...)
...shampoo. 
...??. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...???. (???? or ? ???)
...cold medicine. 
...???. (...)
...stomach medicine. 
...??. (...)
...a razor. 
...???. (...)
...an umbrella. 
...??. (...)
...sunblock lotion. 
...?? ?? ??. (...)
...a postcard. 
...????. (...)
...postage stamps. 
...??. (...)
...batteries. 
...???. (...)
...writing paper. 
...???. (...)
...a pen. 
...?. (...)
...English-language books. 
...?? ?. (...)
...English-language magazines. 
...?? ??. (...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...?? ??. (...)
...an English-English dictionary. 
...?? ??. (...)
Korean phrasebook

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
?? ??? ????. (...)
Can I get insurance? 
??? ? ? ????? (...)
stop (on a street sign
???? (...)
one way 
?? ?? (...)
yield 
?? (...)
no parking 
?? ?? (...)
speed limit 
?? ?? (...)
gas (petrol) station 
??? (...)
petrol 
??? (...)
diesel 
??? (...)
Korean phrasebook

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
?? ??? ?? ????. (...)
It was a misunderstanding. 
??? ??????. (...)
Where are you taking me? 
?? ??? ??????? (...)
Am I under arrest? 
?? ?????? (...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
?? ??/??/??/??? ?????. (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
??/??/??/??? ???/???? ????? ????. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
????? ????? ????. (...)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
?? ??? ?? ?????? (...)
Korean phrasebook

Learning more

How do you say _____ ? 
_____? ??? ???? ? (...)
What is this/that called? 
???/??? ????? ????? (...)

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