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Jarvis Island

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Image:dq-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital
Government
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Areatotal: 4.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 4.5 sq km
Populationuninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002 est.)
Language
Religion

First discovered by the British in 1821, the uninhabited island was annexed by the US in 1858, but abandoned in 1879 after tons of guano had been removed. The UK annexed the island in 1889, but never carried out plans for further exploitation. The US occupied and reclaimed the island in 1935. Abandoned after World War II, the island is currently a National Wildlife Refuge administered by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.


jarvis island Travel Guide :

Jarvis Island

Geography

Image:dq-map.png
Map of Jarvis Island
Location 
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and the Cook Islands
Geographic coordinates 
0 22 S, 160 03 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 4.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 4.5 sq km
Area - comparative 
about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
8 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Terrain 
sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources 
guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use 
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards 
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island poses a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues 
no natural fresh water resources
Geography - note 
sparse bunch grass, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Jarvis Island

People

Population 
uninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002 est.)
Jarvis Island

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Jarvis Island
Dependency status 
unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system 
the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description 
the flag of the US is used
Jarvis Island

Economy

Economy - overview 
no economic activity
Jarvis Island

Transportation

Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area in the middle of the west coast and another near the southwest corner of the island
Transportation - note 
there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast
Jarvis Island

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Jarvis Island

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

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