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Howland Island

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Flag
Image:hq-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital
Government
Currency
Areatotal: 1.6 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1.6 sq km
Populationuninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002 est.)
Language
Religion

Discovered by the US early in the 19th century, the island was officially claimed by the US in 1857. Both US and British companies mined for guano until about 1890. Earhart Light is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast that was partially destroyed during World War II, but has since been rebuilt; it is named in memory of the famed aviatrix Amelia EARHART. The island is administered by the US Department of the Interior as a National Wildlife Refuge.


howland island Travel Guide :

Howland Island

Geography

Image:hq-map.png
Map of Howland Island
Location 
Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Geographic coordinates 
0 48 N, 176 38 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 1.6 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1.6 sq km
Area - comparative 
about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
6.4 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Terrain 
low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Natural resources 
guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use 
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards 
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues 
no natural fresh water resources
Geography - note 
almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Howland Island

People

Population 
uninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002 est.)
Howland Island

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Howland Island
Dependency status 
unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system 
the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description 
the flag of the US is used
Howland Island

Economy

Economy - overview 
no economic activity
Howland Island

Transportation

Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast
Airports 
airstrip constructed in 1937 for scheduled refueling stop on the round-the-world flight of Amelia EARHART and Fred NOONAN - they left Lae, New Guinea, for Howland Island, but were never seen again; the airstrip is no longer serviceable
Transportation - note 
Earhart Light is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast that was partially destroyed during World War II, but has since been rebuilt; named in memory of famed aviatrix Amelia EARHART
Howland Island

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Howland Island

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

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