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Greek phrasebook

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Greek is one of the oldest attested Indo-European languages, known from 1400 BC in inscriptions in a syllabary of Minoan origin. The present alphabet was invented by a Phoenician called Qadmu (??????) about 800 BC, and has been in use, with a few letters added and removed, continuously since then. The 24-letter alphabet used in Classical Greek is the same one used today.

Many Greek words have been borrowed into other languages, so you will find a lot of these words familiar, such as ?????? "injury" and ??????? "doctor" (think of words in -iatry). Originally they were borrowed into Latin, which became French and other Romance languages. The changes Greek words underwent in Latin are different from those they underwent in Greek. For instance, in a rare case of someone actually returning a word he borrowed, ?????? (motion) was borrowed into Latin as cinema, which in French acquired the meaning "movie", and was returned to Greek as ??????.

Greek has changed less in the last two thousand years than English has in the last five hundred. It still has three genders, five cases, and movable ?. Although the dative dropped out of use in Greek before the dative merged with the accusative in English, one can still form the dative of ????????? (a stringed instrument smaller than the ?????????), even though it belongs to a new declension. So if you know some Attic or Koine Greek and pronounce it as Modern Greek, though you will sound archaic, you will probably be understood.

greek phrasebook Travel Guide :

Greek phrasebook

Pronunciation Guide

Greek is fairly easy to pronounce; the only hard sounds are γ and χ, which you can pronounce as g or y and h and be understood, and θ and δ, which exist in English. There are some sandhi rules (e.g. τον πατερα "the father" is pronounced tom bah-TEH-rah, not ton pah-TEH-rah), but you don't have to learn them.

The word following the uppercase letter is the name of the letter, which begins with that letter, in lowercase. The letter ? is the form of ? used at the end of a word.

Greek phrasebook

Vowels

The accent, if written, is placed on the single vowel or the second vowel of the diphthong. If the diaeresis (two dots on top ????) is placed on the second, or the accent is on the first, it is not a diphthong. For example, ????? (clock, from ?????????, whence French horloge) is pronounced roh-LOH-ee.

? ???? 
as in father ?????
? ?????? 
as in hecto- ??????
? ??? 
as in spleen ?????
? ???? 
same as η, sometimes shorter
? ??????? 
as in Portuguese dose ?????
? ?????? 
same as ?
? ????? 
as in somatic ?????????
Greek phrasebook

Consonants

? ???? 
as in very
? ????? 
voiced version of ?. Before ? or ?, as in yet. Before ?, ?, or ?, as in sink.
? ????? 
as in those
? ???? 
as in zone ????
? ???? 
as in thesis ?????
? ????? 
as in kinetic ?????????
? ?????? 
as in linen ?????
? ?? 
as in mixture ?????
? ?? 
as in new ????
? ?? 
as in ax ?????
? ?? 
as in plasma ??????
? ?? 
as in Spanish reloj ?????
? ????? ? 
as in sack ??????
? ??? 
as in type ?????
? ?? 
as in phone ????
? ?? 
halfway between keel and heel
? ?? 
as in sepsis ?????


Greek phrasebook

Common diphthongs

?? 
like ?, but longer
?? 
ahv, as in sovereign, except before a voiceless consonant, in which case ahf
?? 
as in Keith, same as ?
?? 
as in several, left
?? 
same as ?
?? 
as in food
?? 
same as ?
?? 
as in anger
?? 
as in anger, sink, or go
?? 
as in ankh
?? 
as in bumble
?? 
as in dander
Greek phrasebook

Phrase list

Greek phrasebook

Basics

Hello. 
???? ???. (YAH sahss) (means literally "your health")
Hello. (informal
???? ???. (YAH soo)
How are you? 
?? ??????; (tee KAH-neh-teh?)
Fine, thank you. (And you?) 
????, ?????????. (??? ?????;) (kah-LAH ef-khah-rees-TOH (keh eh-SEES?))
What is your name? 
??? ?? ????; (pohs seh LEH-neh?)
My name is ______ . 
?? ???? ______ . (?? LE-neh _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
??????. (HA-ree-ka)
Please. 
????????. (pah-rah-kah-LOH)
Thank you. 
?????????. (ef-khah-rees-TOH)
You're welcome. 
????????. (Pah-rah-kah-LOH)
Yes. 
???. (neh)
No. 
???. (OH-khee)
Excuse me. (getting attention
???????. (See-GHNO-mee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
???????. (See-GHNO-mee)
I'm sorry. 
???????. (lee-PAH-meh)
See you later. 
?? ????. (Ta LE-me)
Goodbye. 
?????. (AHN-dee-oh)
I can't speak Greek well. 
??? ???? ???? ????????. (dhen mee-LOH KAH-lah eh-lee-nee-KAH)
Do you speak English? 
?????? ???????; (mee-LAH-teh ang-glee-KAH?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
?????? ?????? ??? ???????; (Mee-LAH-ee ka-NEES e-DHO ang-glee-KAH?)
Help! 
???????! (Voh-EE-thee-yah!)
Good day. 
????????. (kah-lee-MEH-rah)
Good evening. 
?????????. (kah-lee-SPEH-rah)
Good night. 
?????????. (kah-lee-NEEK?-tah)
I don't understand. 
??? ???????????. (dhen kah-tah-lah-VEH-no)
Where is the toilet? 
??? ????? ? ????????? (poo ??-ne ee too-ah-LEH-tah?)
Greek phrasebook

Problems

Leave me alone. 
?????? ?? ????? (male)/ ????? (female). (a-FIS-te me EE-si-kho / EE-si-khee)
Don't touch me! 
??? ?? ????????! (meen meh ang-GEEH-zees)
I'll call the police. 
?? ?????? ??? ?????????. (Tha kah-LEH-soh teen ah-stih-noh-MIH-ah)
Police! 
?????????! (ah-stih-noh-MIH-ah)
Stop! Thief! 
?????????? ??? ??????! (Stah-mah-TIH-steh ton KLEH-ftee!)
I need your help. 
?????????? ??? ??????? ???. (hreeh-AH-zoh-meh teen voh-EEH-thih-ah sas)
It's an emergency. 
????? ???????. (EEH-neh eh-PEEH-ghon)
I'm lost. 
??? ?????. (EH-hoh hah-THEEH)
I lost my bag. 
????? ??? ?????? ???. (EH-hah-sah teen TSAHN-dah mooh)
I lost my wallet. 
????? ?? ????????? ???. (EH-hah-sah toh por-toh-FOH-leeh mooh)
I'm sick. 
????? ????????/?? . (EE-me hah-ROHS-tos/tee )
I've been injured. 
????? ??????????????/??. (EEH-meh trav-mah-tees-MEH-nos/nee)
I need a doctor. 
?????????? ??????. (hree-AH-zoh-meh yiah-TROH)
Can I use your phone? 
????? ?? ????????????? ?? ???????? ???; (mboh-ROH nah khree-see-moh-pee-EEH-soh toh tee-LEH-foh-NOH sahs?)
Greek phrasebook

Numbers

The different forms of 1-4 are used with nouns of different genders.

????/???/??? (EH-nahs / MEE-ah / EH-nah)
??? (DHEE-oh)
?????/???? (trees / TREE-ah)
????????/??????? (TESS-a-ress / TESS-a-rah)
????? (PEN-deh)
?? (ex)
???? (ef-TAH)
???? (okh-TOH)
????? (en-eh-AH)
10 
???? (DHEH-kah)
11 
?????? (EN-dheh-kah)
12 
?????? (DHOH-dheh-kah)
13 
????????? (dheh-kah-TREES)
14 
???????????? (dheh-kah-TESS-ah-ress)
15 
????????? (dheh-kah-PEN-deh)
16 
?????? (dheh-kah-EX)
17 
???????? (dheh-kah-ef-TAH)
18 
???????? (dheh-kah-okh-TOH)
19 
????????? (dheh-kah-en-eh-AH)
20 
?????? (ee-KOSS-ee)
21 
?????? ???? (ee-KOSS-ee EN-ahs)
22 
?????? ??? (ee-KOSS-ee DHEE-oh)
23 
?????? ????? (ee-KOSS-ee TREES)
30 
??????? (tree-AHN-dah)
40 
??????? (sah-RAHN-dah)
50 
??????? (peh-NEEN-dah)
60 
?????? (ex-EEN-dah)
70 
????????? (ev-dhoh-MEEN-dah)
80 
??????? (ogh-DHON-dah)
90 
???????? (en-en-EEN-dah)
100 
?????? (EH-kah-ton)
200 
??????? (dhee-KOH-see-ah)
300 
???????? (tree-KOH-see-ah)
1000 
?????? (KHEE-lee-ohs)
2000 
????????? (dhees-KHEE-lee-ee)
10,000 
?????? (MEE-ree-ohs)
1,000,000 
???????????? (eh-kah-tom-MEE-ree-ohs)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
number _____ (...)
half 
????? (ee-MEES-ee)
less 
??????? (EH-lahss-on)
more 
?????? (PLEE-on)
Greek phrasebook

Time

now 
now (...)
later 
later (...)
before 
before (...)
morning 
morning (...)
afternoon 
afternoon (...)
evening 
evening (...)
night 
night (...)
Greek phrasebook

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
one o'clock AM (...)
two o'clock AM 
two o'clock AM (...)
noon 
?? ???????? (toh mess-ee-MEHR-ee)
one o'clock PM 
one o'clock PM (...)
two o'clock PM 
two o'clock PM (...)
midnight 
?? ????????? (tah meh-SAH-neekh-tah)
Greek phrasebook

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ ?????/????? (LEP-toh/tah)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ ???/???? (OH-rah/res)
_____ day(s) 
_____ ????/????? (MEH-rah/res)
_____ week(s) 
_____ ????????/??? (ev-dhoh-MAH-dhah/dhes)
_____ month(s) 
_____ ???/????? (MEEN / MEE-nes)
_____ year(s) 
_____ ????/??? (EH-tohs/tee)
Greek phrasebook

Days

today 
?????? (SEE-meh-roh)
yesterday 
???? (khtes)
tomorrow 
????? (AHV-ree-oh)
this week 
this week (...)
last week 
last week (...)
next week 
next week (...)
Sunday 
??????? (kee-ree-AH-kee)
Monday 
??????? (DHEF-teh-rah)
Tuesday 
????? (TREE-tee)
Wednesday 
??????? (teh-TAR-tee)
Thursday 
?????? (PEMP-tee)
Friday 
????????? (pah-rah-skeh-VEE)
Saturday 
??????? (SAH-vah-toh)
Greek phrasebook

Months

January 
January (...)
February 
February (...)
March 
March (...)
April 
April (...)
May 
May (...)
June 
June (...)
July 
July (...)
August 
August (...)
September 
September (...)
October 
October (...)
November 
November (...)
December 
December (...)
Greek phrasebook

Writing Time and Date

Give some examples how to write clock times and dates if it differs from Enlish.

Greek phrasebook

Measurement

Greeks prefer all-Greek words to mixed Greek-and-Latin words. "Meter", "liter", and "gram" being Greek, they don't use Latin prefixes like "milli" with them. Instead they use the following:

deci 
???????
centi 
????????
milli 
????????

The word ????? means both a euro cent and a minute of time. A second is ????????????, ??????? meaning second (the ordinal).

Greek phrasebook

Colors

black 
??????/?/? (MAHV-ros/rah/roh)
white 
?????? (AHS-prohs)
gray 
gray (...)
red (blood) 
??????? (EH-ree-throhs)
red (fire) 
?????? (peer-ROHS)
blue 
blue (...)
yellow 
yellow (...)
green 
?????? (khloh-ROHS)
orange 
orange (...)
purple 
purple (...)
brown 
brown (...)
Greek phrasebook

Transportation

Greek phrasebook

Bus and Train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
How much is a ticket to _____? (...)
One ticket to _____, please. 
One ticket to _____, please. (...)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Where does this train/bus go? (...)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Where is the train/bus to _____? (...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Does this train/bus stop in _____? (...)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? (...)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
When will this bus arrive in _____? (...)
Greek phrasebook

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
How do I get to _____ ? (...)
...the train station? 
...the train station? (...)
...the bus station? 
...the bus station? (...)
...the airport? 
...the airport? (...)
...downtown? 
...downtown? (...)
...the youth hostel? 
...the youth hostel? (...)
...the _____ hotel? 
...the _____ hotel? (...)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Where are there a lot of... (...)
...hotels? 
...hotels? (...)
...restaurants? 
...restaurants? (...)
...bars? 
...bars? (...)
...sites to see? 
...sites to see? (...)
Can you show me on the map? 
Can you show me on the map? (...)
street 
street (...)
Turn left. 
???????? ???? ????????. (STREP-sah-teh steen ah-riss-teh-RAH)
Turn right. 
???????? ??? ?????. (STREP-sah-teh stee dheh-xee-AH)
left 
???????? (ah-riss-teh-RAH)
right 
????? (dheh-xee-AH)
straight ahead 
straight ahead (...)
towards the _____ 
towards the _____ (...)
past the _____ 
past the _____ (...)
before the _____ 
before the _____ (...)
Watch for the _____. 
Watch for the _____. (...)
intersection 
intersection (...)
north 
?????? (vor-RAHS)
south 
????? (NOH-toss)
east 
??????? (ah-nah-TOH-lee)
west 
???? (DHEE-see)
uphill 
uphill (...)
downhill 
downhill (...)
Greek phrasebook

Taxi

Taxi! 
Taxi! (...)
Take me to _____, please. 
Take me to _____, please. (...)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
How much does it cost to

get to _____? (...)

Take me there, please. 
Take me there, please. (...)
Greek phrasebook

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Do you have any rooms available? (...)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
How much is a room for one person/two people? (...)
Does the room come with... 
Does the room come with... (...)
...bedsheets? 
...bedsheets? (...)
...a bathroom? 
...a bathroom? (...)
...a telephone? 
...a telephone? (...)
...a TV? 
...a TV? (...)
May I see the room first? 
May I see the room first? (...)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Do you have anything quieter? (...)
...bigger? 
...bigger? (...)
...cleaner? 
...cleaner? (...)
...cheaper? 
...cheaper? (...)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, I'll take it. (...)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
I will stay for _____ night(s). (...)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Can you suggest another hotel? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
Do you have a safe? (...)
...lockers? 
...lockers? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Is breakfast/supper included? (...)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
What time is breakfast/supper? (...)
Please clean my room. 
Please clean my room. (...)
Can you wake me at _____? | Can you wake me at _____? (...)
I want to check out. 
I want to check out. (...)
Greek phrasebook

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? (...)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Do you accept British pounds? (...)
Do you accept cr cards? 
Do you accept cr cards? (...)
Can you change money for me? 
Can you change money for me? (...)
Where can I get money changed? 
Where can I get money changed? (...)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Can you change a traveler's check for me? (...)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? (...)
What is the exchange rate? 
What is the exchange rate? (...)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? (...)
Greek phrasebook

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
A table for one person/two people, please. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Can I look at the menu, please? (...)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Can I look in the kitchen? (...)
Is there a house specialty? 
Is there a house specialty? (...)
Is there a local specialty? 
Is there a local specialty? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
I'm a vegetarian. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
I don't eat pork. (...)
I only eat kosher food. 
I only eat kosher food. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Can you make it "lite", please? (...)
fixed-price meal 
fixed-price meal (...)
à la carte 
à la carte (...)
breakfast 
breakfast (...)
lunch 
lunch (...)
tea (meal
tea (...)
supper 
supper (...)
I want _____. 
I want _____. (...)
I want a dish containing _____. 
I want a dish containing _____. (...)
chicken 
chicken (...)
beef 
beef (...)
fish 
fish (...)
ham 
ham (...)
sausage 
sausage (...)
cheese 
???? (TEE-ree)
eggs 
???? (ahv-GHAH)
salad 
?????? (SAH-lah-tah)
(fresh) vegetables 
(fresh) vegetables (...)
(fresh) fruit 
(fresh) fruit (...)
bread 
????? (AHR-toss), ???? (psoh-MEE)
toast 
toast (...)
noodles 
noodles (...)
rice 
????? (oh-REE-zah)
beans 
??????? (fah-SOH-lee)
May I have a glass of _____? 
May I have a glass of _____? (...)
May I have a cup of _____? 
May I have a cup of _____? (...)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
May I have a bottle of _____? (...)
coffee 
coffee (...)
tea (drink
tea (...)
juice 
juice (...)
(bubbly) water 
water (...)
water 
???? (neh-ROH)
beer 
beer (...)
red/white wine 
red/white wine (...)
May I have some _____? 
May I have some _____? (...)
salt 
salt (...)
black pepper 
black pepper (...)
butter 
??????? (VOO-tee-roh)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server
Excuse me, waiter? (...)
I'm finished. 
I'm finished. (...)
It was delicious. 
It was delicious. (...)
Please clear the plates. 
Please clear the plates. (...)
The check, please. 
The check, please. (...)
Greek phrasebook

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
Do you serve alcohol? (...)
Is there table service? 
Is there table service? (...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
A beer/two beers, please. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
A glass of red/white wine, please. (...)
A pint, please. 
A pint, please. (...)
A bottle, please. 
A bottle, please. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
_____ and _____, please. (...)
whiskey 
whiskey (...)
vodka 
vodka (...)
rum 
rum (...)
water 
water (...)
club soda 
club soda (...)
tonic water 
tonic water (...)
orange juice 
orange juice (...)
Coke (soda
Coke (...)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Do you have any bar snacks? (...)
One more, please. 
One more, please. (...)
Another round, please. 
Another round, please. (...)
When is closing time? 
When is closing time? (...)
Greek phrasebook

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
Do you have this in my size? (...)
How much is this? 
How much is this? (...)
That's too expensive. 
That's too expensive. (...)
Would you take _____? 
Would you take _____? (...)
expensive 
expensive (...)
cheap 
cheap (...)
I can't afford it. 
I can't afford it. (...)
I don't want it. 
I don't want it. (...)
You're cheating me. 
You're cheating me. (...)
I'm not interested. 
I'm not interested. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, I'll take it. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
Can I have a bag? (...)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Do you ship (overseas)? (...)
I need... 
I need... (...)
...toothpaste. 
...toothpaste. (...)
...a toothbrush. 
...a toothbrush. (...)
...tampons. 
...tampons. (...)
...soap. 
...soap. (...)
...shampoo. 
...shampoo. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...pain reliever. (...)
...cold medicine. 
...cold medicine. (...)
...stomach medicine. 
...stomach medicine. (...)
...a razor. 
...a razor. (...)
...an umbrella. 
...an umbrella. (...)
...sunblock lotion. 
...sunblock lotion. (...)
...a postcard. 
...a postcard. (...)
...postage stamps. 
...postage stamps. (...)
...batteries. 
...batteries. (...)
...writing paper. 
...writing paper. (...)
...a pen. 
...a pen. (...)
...English-language books. 
...English-language books. (...)
...English-language magazines. 
...English-language magazines. (...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...an English-language newspaper. (...)
...an English-Greek dictionary. 
...????????-??????? ??????. (eh-lee-nee-KOH ang-glee-KOH LEX-ee-koh)
Greek phrasebook

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
I want to rent a car. (...)
Can I get insurance? 
Can I get insurance? (...)
stop (on a street sign
stop (...)
one way 
one way (...)
yield 
yield (...)
no parking 
no parking (...)
speed limit 
speed limit (...)
gas (petrol) station 
gas station (...)
petrol 
petrol (...)
diesel 
diesel (...)
Greek phrasebook

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
I haven't done anything wrong. (...)
It was a misunderstanding. 
It was a misunderstanding. (...)
Where are you taking me? 
Where are you taking me? (...)
Am I under arrest? 
Am I under arrest? (...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
I need to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
I want to talk to a lawyer. (...)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Can I just pay a fine now? (...)
Greek phrasebook

Learning more


Biggest country to travel: Biggest cities to travel: Islands in the top travel 40: World Travel guide Random travel link:
Nigeria
England
Madagascar
Egypt
Tokyo in Japan
Tokyo in Japan
Los Angeles in USA
Chicago in USA
Prince_Edward_Island
Greece
Maldives
Vancouver
Ionian_Islands
Chad
Zimbabwe
Saudi_Arabia
United_Arab_Emirates
Turks_and_Caicos_Islands
France Travel
Cambodia
Kunming in China
Switzerland
Travel in Macau

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