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Finnish phrasebook

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Finnish (suomen kieli) is spoken by people in Finland, and by Finns in other areas, predominately in Scandinavia. Finland is a country that is officially bilingual in Finnish and Swedish, and most Finns eventually learn both languages. In contrast, very few Swedes and even fewer foreigners learn Finnish.

Fascinatingly, Finnish, a melodic Finno-Ugric language, is completely unrelated to almost every language between Ireland and India! The origin of these languages traces back over 5000 years to nomadic peoples of the Ural mountains in Russia that migrated westward into Europe. Just across the Gulf of Finland the closest modern relative to the Finnish language, Estonian, is spoken. Other related languages are the Sámi languages of Lapland and the Murmansk Peninsula, and more distantly, Hungarian.

finnish phrasebook Travel Guide :

Finnish phrasebook

Pronunciation Guide

The basic Finnish alphabet consists of the following letters:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s t u v y z ä ö

Additionally the letters š and ? appear in a small number of loanwords and are pronounced like English sh and as s in treasure, respectively. The letter w also occurs infrequently in some proper names and is treated identically to v. Lastly, the letter å occurs in some Swedish proper names, but the beginning learner need not worry about these minutiae.

The Finnish language is fairly easy to pronounce: it has one of the most phonetic writing systems in the world, with only a small number of simple consonants and relatively few vowel sounds. Native English speakers tend to have the most problems with vowel length and the distinction between the front vowels (a, o, y) and back vowels (a, o, u).

In Finnish, all vowels are single sounds (a.k.a., "pure" vowels). All diphthongs retain the individual sounds of its vowels but are slightly blended together to be pronounced in one "beat". Doubled letters are simply pronounced longer, but it's important to differentiate between short and long sounds. Example:

tuli → fire
tuuli → wind
tulli → customs

Conversely, in terms of ease of use, Finnish grammar and vocabulary (barring direct English loanwords) are completely strange to English speakers and to speakers of Indo-European languages, making Finnish a rather difficult language to master.

Finnish phrasebook

Vowels

like a in father
like e in get
like ee in flee
like o in order
like oo in moon
like German ü; similar to ew in few but with lips rounded (transcribed uu)
like a in cat
like German o; similar to e in her (transcribed eu)
Finnish phrasebook

Consonants

If a Finnish consonant is doubled, it should be pronounced with a brief glottal stop, meaning that your mouth is ready to say it but pauses for a moment. Hence mato (worm) is "MAto", but matto (carpet) is "MA'to".

b c d f 
pronounced as in English (not used in native Finnish words)
like g in get
like h in hotel; pronounced more strongly before a consonant
like y in yes
similar to English k, but unaspirated and slightly voiced
l m n 
pronounced as in English
nk ng 
pronounced like ng in sing
similar to English p, but unaspirated and slightly voiced
trilled, as in Spanish perro
like ss in hiss
pronounced as in English
v w 
like v in vine
like ts in cats (not used in native Finnish words)
Finnish phrasebook

Stress

Word stress is always on the first syllable. Finnish makes this almost too easy.

Finnish phrasebook

Phrase list

Note: Due to the ease, specifity and regularity of Finnish pronunciation, the difficulty of transcribing long vowels, and the general inaccuracy of English-based phoneticizations, it is highly recommended you take a few minutes to learn the alphabet instead of relying on the phoneticizations.

That being said, however, Finns are often quite excited to hear a foreigner attempt to speak the language and tend to be very forgiving of pronunciation blunders.

Finnish phrasebook

Basics

Good day 
Hyvaa paivaa (HUU-vaa PIGH-vaa)
Hello (informal
Moi (MOI), Hei (HAY), Terve (TEHR-veh)
How are you? 
Mita kuuluu? (MEE-ta KOO-loo?)
Fine, thank you. 
Kiitos, hyvaa. (KEE-toss, HUU-vaa)
What is your name? 
Mika sinun nimesi on? (MEE-ka SEE-noon NEE-meh-see ohn?)
My name is ______ . 
Nimeni on ______ . (NEE-meh-nee ohn _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Hauska tavata. (HOWS-kah TAH-vah-tah)
Please. 
Ole hyva. (OH-leh HUU-va)
Thank you. 
Kiitos. (KEE-tohss)
You're welcome. 
Ole hyva or Ei kesta. (OH-lay HUU-va or AY KEHSS-ta)
Yes 
Kylla (KUUL-la), Joo (yoh)
No. 
Ei. (ay) Also en, et, emme, ette, eivat - it's a verb.
Excuse me. (getting attention
Anteeksi (AHN-tehk-see)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Anteeksi (AHN-tehk-see)
I'm sorry. 
Anteeksi (AHN-tehk-see)
Goodbye 
Nakemiin. (NAK-eh-meen.)
Goodbye (informal
Hei hei (HAY-hay)
I can't speak Finnish 
En puhu suomea. (EN POO-hoo SOO-oh-meh-ah)
Do you speak English? 
Puhutko englantia? (POO-hoot-koh EHNG-lahn-tee-ah?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Puhuuko kukaan taalla englantia? (POO-hoo-koh KOO-kahn TAAL-la EHNG-lahn-tee-ah?)
Help! 
Apua! (AH-poo-ah!)
Look out! 
Varo! (VAH-roh!)
Good morning. 
Hyvaa huomenta. (HUU-vaa HOO-oh-mehn-tah)
Good evening. 
Hyvaa iltaa. (HUU-vaa EEL-tah)
Good night. 
Hyvaa yota. (HUU-vaa UU-eu-ta)
Good night (to sleep
Hyvaa yota. (HUU-vaa UU-eu-ta)
I don't understand. 
En ymmarra (EN UUM-mar-ra)
Where is the toilet? 
Missa WC on? (MEES-sa VEHS-sah ohn?)
Finnish phrasebook

Problems

Leave me alone! 
Antakaa minun olla rauhassa! (AHN-tah-kah MEE-noon OHL-lah RAU-has-sah)
Don't touch! 
alkaa koskeko! (AL-kaa KOHSS-keh-koh!)
I'll call the police. 
Kutsun poliisin. (KOOT-soon POH-lee-seen)
Police! 
Poliisi! (POH-lee-see!)
Stop! Thief! 
Pysahdy! Varas! (PUU-sa-duu! VAH-rahs!)
I need your help. 
Tarvitsen apuasi. (TAHR-veet-sehn AH-poo-ah-see)
It's an emergency. 
Nyt on hata. (NUUT ohn HA-ta)
I'm lost. 
Olen eksynyt. (OH-lehn EHK-suu-nuut)
I lost my bag. 
Laukkuni katosi. (LAUK-koo-nee KAH-toh-see)
I lost my wallet. 
Lompakkoni katosi. (LOHM-pahk-koh-nee KAH-toh-see)
I'm sick. 
Olen kipea. (OH-lehn KEE-peh-a)
I've been injured. 
Olen loukkaantunut. (OH-lehn LOH-ook-kahn-too-noot)
I need a doctor. 
Tarvitsen laakarin. (TAHR-veet-sehn LAA-ka-reen)
Can I use your phone? 
Voinko soittaa? (VOIN-koh SOIT-tah)
Finnish phrasebook

Numbers

yksi (UUK-see)
kaksi (KAHK-see)
kolme (KOHL-meh)
nelja (NEHL-ya)
viisi (VEE-see)
kuusi (KOO-see)
seitseman (SAYT-seh-man)
kahdeksan (KAHH-dehk-sahn)
yhdeksan (UUHH-dehk-san)
10 
kymmenen (KUUM-mehn-nehn)
11 
yksitoista (UUK-see-tois-tah)
12 
kaksitoista (KAHK-see-tois-tah...)
1X 
X-toista
20 
kaksikymmenta (KAHK-see-KUUM-mehn-ta)
21 
kaksikymmentayksi (KAHK-see-KUUM-mehn-ta-UUK-see)
2X 
kaksikymmenta-X
30 
kolmekymmenta (KOHL-meh-KUUM-mehn-ta)
XY 
X-kymmenta-Y
100 
sata (SAH-tah)
200 
kaksisataa (KAHK-see-SAH-tah)
300 
kolmesataa (KOHL-meh-SAH-tah)
1000 
tuhat (TOO-haht)
2000 
kaksi tuhatta (KAHK-see TOO-haht-tah)
1,000,000 
miljoona (MEEL-yoh-nah)
1,000,000,000 
miljardi (MEEL-yahr-dee)
1,000,000,000,000 
biljoona (BEEL-yoh-nah)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
numero _____ (NOO-meh-roh _____)
half 
puoli (POO-oh-lee)
less 
vahemman (VA-hehm-man)
more 
enemman (EH-nehm-man)
Finnish phrasebook

Time

now 
nyt (NUUT)
later 
myohemmin (MUU-eu-hehm-meen)
before 
ennen (EHN-nehn)
morning 
aamu (AH-moo)
afternoon 
iltapaiva (EEL-tah-pigh-va)
evening 
ilta (EEL-tah)
night 
yo (UU-eu)
Finnish phrasebook

Clock time

The 24-hour clock is commonly used in Finland.

one o'clock AM 
kello yksi aamulla (KEHL-loh UUK-see AHM-mool-lah)
two o'clock AM 
kello kaksi aamulla (KEHL-loh KAHK-see AHM-mool-lah)
noon 
keskipaiva (KEHS-kee-pigh-va)
one o'clock PM 
kello kolmetoista (KEHL-loh KOHL-meh-tois-tah)
two o'clock PM 
kello neljatoista (KEHL-loh NEHL-ya-tois-tah)
midnight 
keskiyo (KEHS-kee-uu-eu)
Finnish phrasebook

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minuutti(a) (MEE-noot-tee-ah)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ tunti(a) (TOON-tee-ah)
_____ day(s) 
_____ paiva(a) (PIGH-vaa)
_____ week(s) 
_____ viikko(a) (VEEK-koh-ah)
_____ month(s) 
_____ kuukausi / kuukautta (KOO-kow-see / KOO-kowt-tah)
_____ year(s) 
_____ vuosi / vuotta (VOO-oh-see / VOO-oh-tah)
Finnish phrasebook

Days

today 
tanaan (TA-naan)
yesterday 
eilen (AY-lehn)
tomorrow 
huomenna (HOO-oh-mehn-nah)
this week 
talla viikolla (TAL-la VEE-kohl-lah)
last week 
viime viikolla (VEE-meh VEE-kohl-lah)
next week 
ensi viikolla (EHN-see VEE-kohl-lah)
Sunday 
sunnuntai (SOON-noon-tigh)
Monday 
maanantai (MAH-nahn-tigh)
Tuesday 
tiistai (TEES-tigh)
Wednesday 
keskiviikko (KEHS-kee-veek-koh)
Thursday 
torstai (TOHRS-tigh)
Friday 
perjantai (PEHR-yahn-tigh)
Saturday 
lauantai (LAU-ahn-tigh)
Finnish phrasebook

Months

January 
tammikuu (TAHM-mee-koo)
February 
helmikuu (HEHL-mee-koo)
March 
maaliskuu (MAH-leess-koo)
April 
huhtikuu (HOOHH-tee-koo)
May 
toukokuu (TOH-koh-koo)
June 
kesakuu (KEH-sa-koo)
July 
heinakuu (HAY-na-koo)
August 
elokuu (EH-loh-koo)
September 
syyskuu (SUUS-koo)
October 
lokakuu (LOH-kah-koo)
November 
marraskuu (MAHR-rahss-koo)
December 
joulukuu (YOH-loo-koo)
Finnish phrasebook

Writing Time and Date

Dates are European-style, i.e. 2.5.xxxx for the 2nd May and NOT 5.2.xxxx. If the month is written out, both the forms 2. toukokuuta (2nd of May) and toukokuun 2. paiva (May's 2nd) are used.

Finnish phrasebook

Colors

black 
musta (MOOS-tah)
white 
valkoinen (VAHL-koy-nehn)
gray 
harmaa (HAHR-mah)
red 
punainen (POO-nigh-nehn)
blue 
sininen (SEE-nee-nehn)
yellow 
keltainen (KEHL-tigh-nehn)
green 
vihrea (VEEHH-reh-a)
orange 
oranssi (OH-rahns-see)
purple 
violetti (VEE-oh-leht-tee)
brown 
ruskea (ROOS-keh-ah)
pink 
pinkki (PEENK-kee)
Finnish phrasebook

Transportation

Due to the difficulty of conjugating various place names, the phrases below are not grammatically correct. They will, however, definitely be understood.

Finnish phrasebook

Place Names

In general, the name of the language is the same as the country, but uncapitalized.
eg. Espanja → Spain, espanja → Spanish

America 
Amerikka (AH-meh-reek-kah)
Canada 
Kanada (KAH-nah-dah)
Denmark 
Tanska (TAHN-skah)
Estonia 
Viro (VEE-roh)
Finland 
Suomi (SOO-oh-mee)
France 
Ranska (RAHN-skah)
Germany 
Saksa (SAHK-sah)
Japan 
Japani (YAH-pah-nee)
Norway 
Norja (NOHR-yah)
Russia 
Venaja (VEHN-a-ya)
Spain 
Espanja (EHS-pahn-yah)
Sweden 
Ruotsi (ROO-oht-see)
USA 
USA (OO-ehss-ah)
Copenhagen 
Koopenhamina (KEU-pehn-hah-mee-nah)
London 
Lontoo (LOHN-toh)
Paris 
Pariisi (PAH-ree-see)
St. Petersburg 
Pietari (PEE-eh-tah-ree)
Stockholm 
Tukholma (TOOK-hohl-mah)
Finnish phrasebook

Bus and Train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Paljonko lippu maksaa _____? (PAHL-yohn-koh LEEP-poo MAHK-sah _____?)
One ticket to _____, please. 
Yksi lippu _____, kiitos. (UUK-see LEEP-poo ____, KEE-tohs)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Minne tama juna/bussi menee? (MEEN-neh TA-ma YOO-nah/BOOS-see MEH-neh?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Missa on _____n juna/bussi? (MEES-sa ohn _____n YOO-nah/BOOS-see?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Pysahtyyko tama juna/bussi _____ssa? (PUU-sa-htuu-keu TA-ma YOO-nah/BOOS-see _____ssah?)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Milloin _____n juna/bussi lahtee? (MEEL-loin ____n YOO-nah/BOOS-see LA-hteh?)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Milloin tama juna/bussi saapuu _____? (MEEL-loin TA-ma YOO-nah/BOOS-see SAH-poo ____?)
Finnish phrasebook

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Miten paasen _____ ? (MEE-tehn PAA-sehn ____ ?)
...the train station? 
...juna-asemalle? (...YOO-nah-ah-seh-mahl-leh?)
...the bus station? 
...bussiasemalle? (...BOOS-see-ah-seh-mahl-leh?)
...the airport? 
...lentokentalle? (...LEHN-toh-kehn-tal-leh?)
...downtown? 
...keskustaan? (...KEHS-koos-tahn?)
...the youth hostel? 
...retkeilymajaan? (...REHT-kay-luu-mah-yahn?)
...the _____ hotel? 
... _____-hotelliin? (...HOH-tehl-leen?)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...Yhdysvaltojen/Kanadan/Australian/Brittien konsulaattiin? (...UUHH-duus-vahl-toh-yehn/KAH-nah-dahn/OWS-trah-lee-ahn/BREET-tee-ehn KOHN-soo-laht-teen?)
Where are there a lot of... 
Missa on paljon... (MEES-sa ohn PAHL-yohn...)
...hotels? 
...hotelleja? (...HOH-tehl-leh-yah?)
...restaurants? 
...ravintoloita? (...RAH-veen-toh-loi-tah?)
...bars? 
...baareja? (...BAH-reh-yah?)
...sites to see? 
...nahtavyyksia? (...NA-hta-vuuk-see-a?)
Can you show me on the map? 
Voitko nayttaa kartalla? (VOIT-koh NAUT-ta KAHR-tahl-lah?)
street 
katu (KAH-too)
Turn left. 
Kaanny vasemmalle. (KAN-nuu VAH-seh-mahl-leh)
Turn right. 
Kaanny oikealle. (KAN-nuu OI-keh-ah-leh)
left 
vasen (VAH-sehn)
right 
oikea (OI-keh-ah)
straight ahead 
eteenpain (EH-tehn-pighn)
towards the _____ 
kohti _____ (KOHH-tee ____)
past the _____ 
_____n ohi (____n OH-hee)
before the _____ 
ennen _____ (EH-nehn ____)
Watch for the _____. 
Varo _____. (VAH-roh ____)
intersection 
risteys (REES-teh-uus)
north 
pohjoinen (POHH-yoi-nehn)
south 
etela (EH-teh-la)
east 
ita (EE-ta)
west 
lansi (LAN-see)
uphill 
ylamaki (UU-la-ma-kee)
downhill 
alamaki (AH-lah-ma-kee)
Finnish phrasebook

Taxi

Taxi! 
Taksi! (TAHK-see!)
Take me to _____, please. 
_____, kiitos. (____, KEE-tohss)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Paljonko maksaa menna _____(long vowel+n)?, e.g. "Helsinkiin" (PAHL-yohn-ko MAHK-sah MEHN-na ____?)
(Take me) there, please. 
Sinne, kiitos. (SEEN-neh, KEE-tohss)
Finnish phrasebook

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Onko teilla vapaita huoneita? (...)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Miten paljon olisi huone yhdelle/kahdelle hengelle? (...)
Does the room come with... 
Tuleeko huoneen mukana... (...)
...bedsheets? 
...lakanat? (...)
...a bathroom? 
...kylpyhuone? (...)
...a telephone? 
...puhelin? (...)
...a TV? 
...televisio? (...)
May I see the room first? 
Voinko nahda huoneen ensin? (...)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Onko teilla mitaan hiljaisempaa? (...)
...bigger? 
...isompaa? (...)
...cleaner? 
...puhtaampaa? (...)
...cheaper? 
...halvempaa? (...)
OK, I'll take it. 
Otan sen. (...)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Yovyn _____ yota. (...)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Voitteko ehdottaa toista hotellia? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
Onko teilla turvasailoa? (...)
...lockers? 
...turvalokeroita? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Kuuluuko aamiainen/illallinen hintaan? (...)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Mihin aikaan on aamiainen/illallinen? (...)
Please clean my room. 
Olkaa hyva ja siivotkaa huoneeni. (...)
Can you wake me at _____? 
Voitteko herattaa minut kello _____? (...)
I want to check out. 
Haluaisin kirjautua ulos. (...)
Finnish phrasebook

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Hyvaksytteko Amerikan/Australian/Kanadan dollareita? (...)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Hyvaksytteko brittipuntia? (...)
Do you accept cr cards? 
Voinko maksaa luottokortilla? (...)
Can you change money for me? 
Voiko teilla vaihtaa rahaa? (...)
Where can I get money changed? 
Missa voin vaihtaa rahaa? (...)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Voiko teilla vaihtaa matkashekkeja? (...)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Missa voin vaihtaa matkashekkeja? (...)
What is the exchange rate? 
Mika on vaihtokurssi? (...)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Missa on raha-automaatti? (...)
Most Finnish ATMs are usually orange-coloured, with the logos "Otto" or "Solo".
Finnish phrasebook

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Poyta yhdelle/kahdelle kiitos. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Saisinko ruokalistan? (...)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Voinko nahda keittion? (...)
Is there a local specialty? 
Onko teilla paikallisia erikoisuuksia? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Olen kasvissyoja. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
En syo sianlihaa. (...)
I don't eat beef. 
En syo naudanlihaa. (...)
I only eat kosher food. 
Syon vain kosher-ruokaa. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Voitteko tehda siita kevytta? (...)
fixed-price meal 
paivan ateriaa (...)
a la carte 
a la carte (...)
breakfast 
aamiainen (...)
lunch 
lounas (...)
tea (meal
tee (...)
supper 
illallinen (...)
I want _____. 
Haluan _____. (...)
I want a dish containing _____. 
Haluan jotain _____n kanssa. (...)
chicken 
kana (...)
beef 
naudanliha (...)
reindeer 
poro (...)
fish 
kala (...)
herring 
silli (...)
baltic herring 
silakka (...)
ham 
kinkku (...)
sausage 
makkara (...)
cheese 
juusto (...)
eggs 
munia (...)
salad 
salaatti (...)
(fresh) vegetables 
(tuoreita) vihanneksia (...)
(fresh) fruit 
(tuoreita) hedelmia (...)
bread 
leipa (...)
toast 
paahtoleipa (...)
noodles 
nuudelit (...)
rice 
riisi (...)
beans 
pavut (...)
May I have a glass of _____? 
Saisinko lasin _____? (...)
May I have a cup of _____? 
Saisinko kupin _____? (...)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Saisinko pullon _____? (...)
coffee 
kahvia (...)
tea (drink
teeta (...)
juice 
mehua (...)
(bubbly) water 
soodavetta (...)
water 
vetta (...)
beer 
olutta (...)
red/white wine 
puna/valko-viinia (...)
May I have some _____? 
Saisinko _____? (...)
salt 
suolaa (...)
black pepper 
pippuria (...)
butter 
voita (...)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server
Anteeksi, tarjoilija? (...)
I'm finished. 
Olen valmis. (...)
It was delicious. 
Herkullista. (...)
Please clear the plates. 
Voitteko tyhjentaa poydan? (...)
The check, please. 
Lasku, kiitos. (...)
Finnish phrasebook

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
Myytteko alkoholia? (...)
Is there table service? 
Onko teilla poytiintarjoilua? (...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
Yksi olut/kaksi olutta kiitos. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
Lasi puna/valkoviinia kiitos. (...)
A pint, please. 
Yksi tuoppi kiitos. (...)
A bottle, please. 
Yksi pullo kiitos. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
vakevia ja mikseri, kiitos. (...)
whiskey 
viskia (...)
vodka 
vodkaa (...)
rum 
rommia (...)
water 
vetta (...)
club soda 
soodavetta (...)
tonic water 
tonic-vetta (...)
orange juice 
appelsiinimehua (...)
Coke (soda
Coca Colaa (...)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Onko teilla pikkupurtavia? (...)
One more, please. 
Yksi viela, kiitos. (...)
Another round, please. 
Toinen kierros, kiitos. (...)
When is closing time? 
Mihin aikaan suljette? (...)
Finnish phrasebook

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
Onko teilla tata minun koossani? (...)
How much is this? 
Paljonko tama maksaa? (...)
That's too expensive. 
Se on liian kallis. (...)
Would you take _____? 
Voisitteko ottaa _____? (...)
expensive 
kallis (...)
cheap 
halpa (...)
I can't afford it. 
Minulla ei ole varaa siihen. (...)
I don't want it. 
En tahdo sita. (...)
You're cheating me. 
Te huijaatte minua. (...)
I'm not interested. 
En ole kiinnostunut. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
Hyva, otan sen. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
Voinko saada muovipussin? (...)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Lahetatteko tavaroita myos (ulkomaille)? (...)
I need... 
Tarvitsen... (...)
...toothpaste. 
...hammastahnaa. (...)
...a toothbrush. 
...hammasharjan. (...)
...tampons. 
...tampooneita. (...)
...soap. 
...saippuaa. (...)
...shampoo. 
...shampoota. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...sarkylaaketta. (...)
...cold medicine. 
...flunssalaaketta. (...)
...stomach medicine. 
...vatsalaaketta. (...)
...a razor. 
...partateran. (...)
...an umbrella. 
...sateenvarjon. (...)
...sunblock lotion. 
...aurinkovoidetta. (...)
...a postcard. 
...postikortin. (...)
...postage stamps. 
...postimerkkeja. (...)
...batteries. 
...pattereita. (...)
...writing paper. 
...kirjepaperia. (...)
...a pen. 
...kynan. (...)
...English-language books. 
...englanninkielisia kirjoja. (...)
...English-language magazines. 
...englanninkielisia lehtia. (...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...englanninkielisen sanomalehden. (...)
...an English-Finnish dictionary. 
...englanti-suomi sanakirjan. (...)
Finnish phrasebook

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
Haluan vuokrata auton. (...)
Can I get insurance? 
Voinko saada vakuutuksen? (...)
stop (on a street sign
stop (...)
one way 
yksisuuntainen (...)
yield 
antaa tieta/'kolmio' (...)
no parking 
ei parkkeerausta (...)
speed limit 
nopeusrajoitus (...)
gas (petrol) station 
bensiiniasema (...)
petrol 
bensiini (...)
diesel 
diesel (...)
Finnish phrasebook

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
En ole tehnyt mitaan vaaraa. (...)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Se oli vaarinkasitys. (...)
Where are you taking me? 
Minne viette minut? (...)
Am I under arrest? 
Olenko pidatetty? (...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Olen amerikkalainen/australialainen/britannian kansalainen/kanadalainen. (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Haluan puhua USA:n (oo-ass-ahn) /Australian/Britannian/Kanadan konsulaatin kanssa. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Haluan puhua lakimiehelle. (...)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Voinko vain maksaa sakot nyt? (...)

You should note that in Finland you're not entitled to a phonecall, a search warrant, or to be set free on bail. However, the authorities must allow you to find a lawyer.

Finnish phrasebook

Learning more

Finnish phrasebook

While in Finland

The University of Helsinki (http://www.helsinki.fi/) offers a highly popular Finnish for Foreigners (http://www.helsinki.fi/kksc/language.services/eng/kielikoulutus_2.html) program in six different skill levels, ranging from absolute beginner to advanced courses ending with language certification. Spring and Fall classes are offered in standard 1 unit (3 hrs/wk, 135 ?) and intensive 2 unit (8 hrs/wk, 310 ?) versions.

Summer courses (http://www.kesayliopistot.fi/finncult.htm#study) on Finnish language and culture are available at the major universities including Helsinki (http://www.kesayliopistohki.fi/sivut/english).

Finnish phrasebook

Online

  • Tools for Learning Finnish (http://www.henkimaa.nu/finndex/suomea/learning/tools.html). A great collection of online resources for learning Finnish.
  • Tavataan Taas! (http://donnerwetter.kielikeskus.helsinki.fi/finnishforforeigners/parts-index.htm). A good beginning course with audio samples.
  • Finnish swear words (http://www.insultmonger.com/swearing/finnish.htm). A more, *ahem*, colorful language reference.
  • Finnish For Fools (http://www.finlandjournal.com/article.php?type=e&id=29). A humorous take on learning Finnish.

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