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Denmark

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Flag
Image:Da-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalCopenhagen
Areatotal: 43,094 sq km
water: 700 sq km
land: 42,394 sq km
note: excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Population5,411,405 (Fourth quarter, 2004)
ReligionEvangelical Lutheran 95%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3%, Muslim 2%
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time ZoneUTC+1
Country Calling Code+45
Internet TLD.dk
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Denmark is a country in Northern Europe. Part of it, Jutland, lies on a peninsula north of Germany while a number of islands, including two major ones, Zealand and Funen, are spread across the Baltic Sea between Jutland and Sweden.

Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. However, the country has opted out of European Union's Maastricht Treaty, the European monetary system (EMU), and issues concerning certain internal affairs.

Map of DenmarkMap of Denmark
Map of Denmark

denmark Travel Guide :

Denmark

Regions

Denmark is made up of the following regions:


Smaller islands:

  • AnholtAnholt in Kattegat.
  • FanøFanø west of Esbjerg
  • RømøRømø
  • MandøMandø
  • FejøFejø
  • FemøFemø
  • AskøAskø
  • BogøBogø
  • OmøOmø
  • EnøEnø
  • LangelandLangeland near Funen
  • SamsøSamsø
  • LæsøLæsø
  • SejerøSejerø
  • TåsingeTåsinge
  • Ærø
  • MønMøn
  • AlsAls
  • DrejøDrejø
  • EndelaveEndelave
  • OrøOrø
  • MorsMors
  • SprogøSprogø

Denmark also has two overseas dependencies:

Denmark

Cities

These are the four major cities in Denmark:

Denmark

Other destinations

  • LegolandLegoland - Lego Brick theme park, everything is made by Lego's bricks. A must for children. Just 1 Km from Billund Airport in Jylland.
  • Ribe - Denmark's oldest town
  • Roskilde - Viking ship museum and cathedral. Also home of the famous Roskilde Festival (http://www.roskilde-festival.dk/index.php?code=1/).
  • HornbækHornbæk, Gilleleje, Tisvildeleje, and LiselejeLiseleje - Popular beach towns in north Zealand
  • SkagenSkagen - On the top of Jutland
  • Elsinore (Helsingør) - famous for Kronborg Castle, the setting for Shakespeare's Hamlet, located north of Copenhagen. Within the castle there's a museum about Shakespeare.
  • FanøFanø - cosy holiday island located in VadehavetVadehavet near Esbjerg.
  • Bornholm - famous sites include HammershusHammershus, one of Denmarks best-kept castle ruins.
Denmark

Remarkable Bridges

There are several remarkable bridges interconnecting Danish islands.

Denmark

Understand

Terrain — Denmark is home to the 'lowest-highest' point in Europe; but what that exactly entails is somewhat uncertain. Ejer Baunehoj, in the Lake District region south-west of Aarhus (Århus), seems to be the highest natural point (171m with a large tower built on top to commemorate the fact), although Yding Skouhoj, some 3km away stands 2m higher owing to an ancient burial mound. Either way, the tops of the towers of the Øresund Bridge (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oresund_Bridge) are technically the highest point(s) in Denmark!

Denmark

Get In

Denmark

By plane

Denmark is served by two major and several minor airports.

  • Copenhagen Airport (http://www.cph.dk/) is the largest airport in Scandinavia. The airport is located at the town KastrupKastrup on the island Amager, 8 km from central Copenhagen. The airport is connected by train to Copenhagen Central Station and beyond as well as Malmo and other towns in Sweden. Buses and taxis are also available.
  • Aarhus Airport (http://www.aar.dk/) is located on the DjurslandDjursland peninsula 44 km north east of Aarhus, 50 km from RandersRanders, 90 km from Silkeborg, 99 km fra HorsensHorsens, 98 km from ViborgViborg and 138 km from Aalborg. An airport shuttlebus connects the airport to Aarhus Central Station from where you can reach the rest of Jutland by Train.
  • Billund Airport (http://www.bll.dk/) in South-Central Jutland is located in the town Billund, 29 km fra VejleVejle, 65 km from Esbjerg, 104 km from Odense, 100 km from Aarhus, 210 km from Aalborg, and 262 km from Copenhagen. The airport is connected by buses to major cities and towns in the region. Taxis are also available.
    • Sterling (http://www.sterlingticket.com/) and others connect the region with several cities in Europe.
  • Malmo-Sturup Airport (http://www.sturup.com) is located 61 km from Copenhagen and offers low-fares flights with Ryanair (http://www.ryanair.com/) and Wizzair (http://www.wizzair.com/). An Airport shuttlebus connects the airport with Copenhagen central station. FlyBus charges 10 pounds / 100DK for the ride.
Denmark

By train

Map of train lines in DenmarkMap of train lines in Denmark
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Map of train lines in Denmark
Denmark

From Germany

There are five direct trains per day from Hamburg to Copenhagen, approximately every two to three hours. These trains are loaded onto a ferry for the sea passage from Puttgarten to RødbyRødby, and the total journey time is around 4.5 hours.

There are also two train lines to Jutland from Hamburg, one via Padborg and the other via TønderTønder.

Denmark

From Sweden

Trains run every twenty minutes from Malmo to Copenhagen. The total journey time is 35 minutes.

Denmark

By Bus

Graahundbus (http://www.graahundbus.dk/), Eurolines (http://www.eurolines.dk/), and Abildskou (http://www.abildskou.dk/) run buses between european and danish destinations.

Berlin DKK 200 (7 hours).

Denmark

By boat

Denmark

From Germany

  • Scandlines (http://www.scandlines.dk/) run ferries from Puttgarden to RødbyRødby on LollandLolland and from Rostock to Gedser on Falster, as well as a ferry from Sassnitz to RønneRønne on Bornholm.
Denmark

From Iceland, Faroe Islands and Shetland Islands

  • Smyril Line (http://www.smyril-line.fo/) run a ferry from Seyðisfjorður (Iceland) via Tórshavn (Faroe Islands), Lerwick (Shetland Islands) and Bergen (Norway) to Hanstholm in Northern Jutland.
Denmark

From Norway

  • Color Line (http://www.colorline.no/) run ferries from Oslo and KristiansandKristiansand to HirtshalsHirtshals and from LarvikLarvik to FredrikshavnFredrikshavn in Northern Jutland.
  • DFDS Seaways (http://www.dfdsseaways.co.uk/) run a ferry from Oslo via Helsingborg (Sweden) to Copenhagen on Zealand.
  • Fjordline (http://www.fjordline.no/) run a ferry from Bergen via Haugesund and Egersund to Hanstholm in Northern Jutland.
  • Stena Line (http://www.stenaline.se/) run a ferry from Oslo to FrederikshavnFrederikshavn.
Denmark

From Sweden

  • Bornholmstrafikken (http://www.bornholmstrafikken.dk/) run a ferry from YstadYstad to Rønne on Bornholm.
  • Scandlines (http://www.scandlines.dk/) and HH-Ferries (http://www.hhferries.se/) both run ferries from Helsingborg to Elsinore (Helsingør) on Eastern Zealand.
  • Stena Line (http://www.stenaline.se/) run a ferry from Varberg to Grenaa in Eastern Jutland.
Denmark

From the United Kingdom

Denmark

Get Around


For public transportation (trains, buses and ferries) use the online travel planner Rejseplanen (http://www.rejseplanen.dk/bin/query.exe/en?).

There are two ways to buy tickets. For local trips you can buy a ticket from the regional tranportation company based on a zoning system. This ticket is valid on all public transportation including trains for one to two hours (depending on the number of zones you travel).

For longer travels you buy a DSB train ticket. This ticket is valid on trains and all public transportation in a couple of zones in each end. I.e. if you go by train local busses, metro, etc in each end is usually included in the train ticket. If you want to use the train ticket to go the station you need to buy the ticket in advance because you cannot buy it in the bus.

If you go to a neighbouring tranportation region, it can be cheaper to buy a local ticket for each region than to buy a train ticket to the destination.


Denmark

By bus, train and ferry

Denmark

By car or bicycle

There are no toll-roads except the two big bridges: Storebæltbroen (http://www.storebaelt.dk/) between Zealand and Funen (DKK 200 one way), and Øresundbroen (http://www.oeresundsbron.dk) between Copenhagen and Malmo (DKK 235 one way).

Marguirte  Route  signMarguirte  Route  sign
</a
Marguirte Route sign

Margueritruten is one 3500 Km long connected route of small scenic roads passing 100 important Danish attractions. It is marked by brown signs with the white Marguerite Daisy flower. It is marked on most roadmaps.

Denmark

By thumb

It's quite easy to hitchhike in Denmark. People who pick up hitchhikers usually speak English. Destination boards are recommended. It's illegal to hitchhike on the highways, so it is better to use highway-entrances and gas stations. See also FAQ about hitch-hiking in Denmark (http://www.autostop.lt/faq/FAQ_DK.html).

Denmark

By air

Scandinavian Airlines (http://www.scandinavian.net/), Danish Air Transport (http://www.dat.dk) and Cimber Air (http://www.cimber.dk/) all operate domestic routes. If you are not in a hurry, however, trains will often get you where you want to go a lot cheaper. The exception being the Island of Bornholm where air travel is often both fast and inexpensive.

Denmark

Talk

Denmark's national language is Danish, a member of the Germanic branch of the group of Indo-European languages, and within that family, part of the North Germanic, East Norse group. It is, in theory, very similar to Norwegian Bokmål and Swedish, and is to some extent intelligible to speakers of those languages, especially in written form. Its sound, however, is more influenced by the guttural German language, though, rather than the lilting languages found to the north and understanding spoken Danish may be a trace more difficult to those who only speak Swedish or Norwegian.

English is widely spoken in Denmark, especially in the larger cities. German is spoken in areas that attract tourists from Germany, i.e. mainly the Jutland West Coast, the southern part of Funen and nearby islands (e.g. LangelandLangeland and Ærø), and also in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland / Northern Schleswig).

Denmark

Buy

The national currency is the Danish krone (DKK, plural "kroner"). In the more "touristy" shops in Copenhagen, and at the traditional beach resorts along the Jutland West Coast and Bornholm Island it will often be possible to pay in Euro. The Danish krone is pegged to the Euro to an accuracy of 2.25%. The exchange rate is around 1 EUR = 7.45 DKK.

Automatic teller machines are widely available.

You should note that almost everything in Denmark is expensive; particularly if you're not from Northern Europe. All consumer sales include a 25% sales tax but displayed prices are legally required to include this, so they are always exact. If you are from outside the EU/Scandinavia you can have some of your sales tax refunded (http://www.woco.dk/composite-294.htm) when leaving the country.

Denmark

Eat

Apart from the kebab shops and pizza stands, dining in Denmark can be fairly expensive, but a worthwhile cost. Traditional Danish fare includes items as pickled herring, fried sanddab, and other assorted seafood items. Hearty meats are also prevalent, as seen in items such as frikadeller (pork only or pork and beef meat balls topped by a brown sauce) and "stegt flæsk og persillesovs" (thick pork bacon slices topped by a parsley cream sauce). Many meals are also accompanied by a beer, and shots of aquavit or schnaps, though these are mainly enjoyed when guests are over. Drinking along with meals is encouraged as the foods are enhanced by the drinks, and vice versa. For dessert, try either "ris a la mande" (rice pudding with almonds with cherries) or æbleskiver. For candy try a bag of "Superpiratos" (hot licorice candy).


Denmark

Smørrebrød

The traditional Danish lunch is smørrebrød, open sandwiches usually on rye bread - fish are served on white bread, and many restaurants give you a choice of bread. Smørrebrød served on special occasions, in lunch restaurants, or bought in lunch takeaway stores, are piled higher than the daily fare.

Some of the most popular and traditional choices are:

  • Pickled herring, plain, curry, or with red spices.
  • Liver Paté Sandwich, probably the most popular
  • Stjerneskud, salad, plaice, shrimp, etc.
  • Røget ål og røræg, smoked eel and scrambled eggs
  • Pariserbøf, beef patty cooked rare with capers, horseradish, raw onions, and a raw egg yolk on top.
  • Dyrlægens Natmad, liver pate, slices of salty meat, onion rings, jellied meat sauce.
  • Beef tartar
  • Flæskesteg, Slices of pork roast with pickled red cabbage.
  • Roastbeef, with remoulade, fried onion, horseradish.
  • Kartoffel, sliced potatoes, tomatoes, and mayonnaise.
  • Hakkebøf, beef patty with soft fried onions, a fried egg, pickles.
  • Shrimps, you get a generous portion of just shrimp with a little mayonnaise.
  • Ost, Cheese. Try a very old cheese served with raw onions, eggyolks, and rum.
Denmark

Drink

Danish beer is a treat for a beer enthusiast. The largest brewery, Carlsberg (which also owns the Tuborg brand), offers a few choices, as well as a delicious "Christmas beer" in the 6 weeks leading up to the holidays. Other tasty beverages include the aforementioned aquavit, gløgg, a hot wine drink popular in December. Danish beer is mostly limited to pilseners which are good, but not very diverse. However in the last few years Danes have become interested in a wider range of beers. During the Christmas season, Glogg, a hot spiced red wine with raisens and almonds is popular fare for warming up from the cold with a group of friends.

The Danish Beer Enthusiasts (http://www.ale.dk/intro_uk.asp) maintain a list of bars and restaurants with a good selection of beers (http://www.ale.dk/ibyen.asp) as well as a list of stores with a good selection (http://www.ale.dk/indkob.asp#Danmark)

Denmark

Sleep

Denmark

Budget

  • Danhostel 1 (http://www.danhostel.dk) Hostels
  • CAB INN 2 (http://www.cab-inn.dk/UK/index.htm) Chain of budget hotels
  • Zleep hotels 3 (http://www.zleep.dk/english/index.php) Unmanned budget hotels
Denmark

Medium

  • Scandic-Hilton 4 (http://www.scandic-hotels.dk/) All rooms have free wireless internet. Great discounts when booking early.
  • Radisson-SAS 5 (http://www.radissonsas.com/) Most hotels have wireless internet (http://www.freebroadband.radissonsas.com/|Free). Found in all major Danish cities.
Denmark

Do

  • Billetnet6 (http://www.billetnet.dk/?ver=uk) books larger concerts, theater plays, sporting events etc. You can book online or in any post office. If you book online you can have the tickets mailed to you or you can print out a confirmation and exchange it for a ticket at a BilletNet office or at the scene.
Denmark

Stay Safe

  • Generally: Denmark is very safe. No risk of natural disaster or animal attack. Crime and traffic are only minor risks.
  • In the traffic: Danes generally drive by the rules (except for the bicycles) but may not be very helpful to other drivers in ceding right of way etc. Watch out for the bicycles in the cities, especially when turning across bicycle lanes; they have right of way. On highways, make that you only pass on the left, and be aware that Danes like to drive fast.
  • On foot in cities: As mentioned above, Danes drive by the rules, and they have every expectation that pedestrians do the same. Therefore, it is important to obey walk/don't walk signals and avoid jay walking in cities, simply because cars will not slow down since you're not supposed to be there.
  • On the beach: Don't bathe alone. Don't get too far away from land. Don't jump head first in shallow water. Swim along the coast rather than away from it.
  • In the city: A few districts in major cities should be avoided at night by the unwary, or by lone women.

In an emergency dial 112 (police/medical help/fire brigade). This is toll free, and will work even from cell phones with no SIM card.

Denmark

Stay Healthy

Tap water is potable unless indicated. Restaurants and other places selling food are visited regularly by health inspectors and are awarded points on a 1-4 "smiley scale". The ratings must be prominently displayed, so look out for the happy face when in doubt. While pollution in the major cities can be annoying it doesn't pose any risk to non-residents. Nearly all beaches are fine for bathing - even parts of the Copenhagen harbor recently opened for bathing.

Denmark

Smoking

Smoking is not allowed in government buildings with public access (hospitals, universities, etc). It is allowed in restaurants and bars, but they have to use an official sign to tell if the place is smoking, non-smoking, or non-smoking in a separate area. There have been made propositions in the parliament for a complete smoking ban in all public areas; including restaurants and bars. The majority of politicians and Danes are for a ban. the Danish Lung Association maintains a list of smoke free restaurants, bars etc (http://www.lungeforening.dk/roegfriguide).

"Sign for non-smoking in separate area">Sign for non-smoking in separate area

Denmark

Respect

  • When it comes to conversing with Danes, most do not have the patience to decipher a foreigner's halting Danish and would much prefer to speak English, so there is no necessary 'Taler du engelsk?' before addressing most people in the cities. This holds especially true with young people. However, it is polite to ask when further out in the smaller towns or when speaking to older Danes.
  • No respectful titles are necessary when addressing someone. The titles 'Hr' and 'Fru' have mostly disappeared from use in Denmark, and people are generally addressed by their first name regardless of the situation.
  • Despite their disregard for formality, Danes are very polite and well mannered while in public. Be sure to practice good table manners while at restaurants, and make sure to learn the dozens of way to say 'thank you' in Danish.
  • Drinking alcoholic beverages in public is considered socially acceptable in Denmark, and having a beer out in a public square is a common warm weather activity there. But be sure to do so in moderation, especially during the daytime.
Denmark

Contact

Denmark

Embassies and Consulates

This is a list of embassies and consular posts in Denmark, as of February 2005. The list is far from all-extensive, it includes only the big countries. The embassy addresses themselves are limited to only the main cities, and other places of interest for the particular nation. Full list can be viewed here (.pdf file) (http://www.um.dk/NR/rdonlyres/3381FC24-779F-41A0-B515-2BFC92B991F6/0/ConsularPostsFebr05.pdf).

Denmark

Australia

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Dampfærgevej 26
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 70 26 36 76

Denmark

France

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Ny Østergade 3, 2nd fl.
1101 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 67 01 64

Århus
Consul Thorkild Rydahl, 1996
Frederiksgade 34
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 18 35 00

Denmark

Germany

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Stockholmsgade 57, Box 2712
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 45 99 00, 35 45 99 11

Middelfart
Consul Torben Østergaard-Nielsen, 1988
c/o A/S Dan-Bunkering Ltd. Strandvejen 5
Postbox 71
5500 Middelfart
Tel 64 41 54 01

Odense
Consul Knud Thybo, 1984
c/o Fehr & Co. A/S
Svendborgvej 90
5260 Odense S
Tel 66 14 14 14

Århus
Consul Finn Prang-Andersen, 1998
Havnegade 4
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 18 25 88

Denmark

Italy

Copenhagen
Consular Chancery of Embassy
Engskiftevej 4
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 39 18 34 44

Århus
Consul Henning Holmen Møller, 1996
c/o Rådgivningsfirmaet Holmen Møller ApS
Lille Torv 6
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 12 14 00

Denmark

Japan

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Pilestræde 61
1112 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 11 33 44

Århus
Consul-General Jørgen E. Handberg, 1991
Dalgas Avenue 57
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 18 03 22

Denmark

The Netherlands

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Toldbodgade 33
1253 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 70 72 00

Esbjerg
Consul Ernst Moth Nielsen, 1987
Kvaglundvej 82
6705 Esbjerg Ø
Tel 76 14 55 30

Odense
Consul Robert Rasmussen, 1998
Christiansgade 70
5000 Odense C
Tel 66 11 27 77

Denmark

Norway

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Vice-Consul Eli Strøm, 1996
Consul Erling H.C. Korch, 1984
Amaliegade 39
1256 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 14 01 24

Odense
Consul Steen Haustrup, 1989
Energivej 40
Postboks 151
5260 Odense S
Tel 65 95 70 02

Århus
Consul Heine Bach, 2004
St. Torv 1
8000 Århus C
Tel 89 33 36 19

Denmark

Spain

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Kristianiagade 21
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 42 22 66

Århus
Vice-Consul Jens Otto Kjær Hansen, 1994
c/o CFJE
Olof Palmes Allé 11
8200 Århus N
Tel 86 19 02 22

Denmark

Sweden

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Sankt Annæ Plads 15 A
1250 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 36 03 75

Odense
Consul Hans Erik Hempel-Hansen, 1983
Vestergade 97-101
Postbox 927
5100 Odense C
Tel 63 12 82 00

Skagen
Consul Aksel Groth, 1999
Sct. Laurentiivej 26
9990 Skagen
Tel 70 15 10 00

Århus
Consul Søren Lund, 1990
Sct. Clemens Stræde 7, 1
Postbox 623
8100 Århus C
Tel 86 12 50 00

Denmark

United Kingdom

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
*Consul David Stanley Thomas Morton, 2002
Vice-Consul Jeanette Christoffersen, 1990
Vice-Consul Susan Jane Oxfeldt Jensen, 1996
Kastelsvej 38
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 44 52 00

Odense
Consul Frits Niegel, 1980
Albanitorv 4
5000 Odense
Tel 66 14 47 14

Århus
Consul Claus Herluf, 1988
Skolegade 19 B
8100 Århus C
Tel 87 30 77 77

Denmark

United States of America

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Dag Hammarskjolds Allé 24
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 55 31 44
Url www.usembassy.dk

Denmark

External Links

Official travel guide to Denmark (http://visitdenmark.com/)
Denmark's official website (http://denmark.dk/)
List of embassies in Denmark (pdf) (http://www.um.dk/NR/rdonlyres/3381FC24-779F-41A0-B515-2BFC92B991F6/0/ConsularPostsFebr05.pdf)


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