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Cocos (Keeling) Islands

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Flag
Quick Facts
CapitalWest Island
GovernmentNA
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Areatotal: 14 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
water: 0 sq km
land: 14 sq km
Population632 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageMalay (Cocos dialect), English
ReligionSunni Muslim 80%, other 20% (2002 est.)

There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William Keeling discovered the islands in 1609, but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. Annexed by the UK in 1857, they were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.


cocos (keeling) islands Travel Guide :

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Geography


Map of Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Location 
Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia, about halfway from Australia to Sri Lanka
Geographic coordinates 
12 30 S, 96 50 E
Map references 
Southeast Asia
Area 
total: 14 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
water: 0 sq km
land: 14 sq km
Area - comparative 
about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
26 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year
Terrain 
flat, low-lying coral atolls
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Natural resources 
fish
Land use 
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
cyclone season is October to April
Environment - current issues 
fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs
Geography - note 
islands are thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

People

Population 
632 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%
Population growth rate 
-0.22% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate 
NA deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate 
NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Infant mortality rate 
NA deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: NA years
male: NA years
female: NA years
Total fertility rate 
NA children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
NA
Nationality 
noun: Cocos Islander(s)
adjective: Cocos Islander
Ethnic groups 
Europeans, Cocos Malays
Religions 
Sunni Muslim 80%, other 20% (2002 est.)
Languages 
Malay (Cocos dialect), English
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands
conventional short form: Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Dependency status 
territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Government type 
NA
Capital 
West Island
Administrative divisions 
none (territory of Australia)
Independence 
none (territory of Australia)
National holiday 
NA
Constitution 
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955
Legal system 
based upon the laws of Australia and local laws
Suffrage 
NA
Executive branch 
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general
elections: none; the monarch is herary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
head of government: Administrator (nonresident) William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)
cabinet: NA
Legislative branch 
unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council (7 seats)
Judicial branch 
Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court
Political parties and leaders 
none
Political pressure groups and leaders 
none
International organization participation 
none
Diplomatic representation in the US 
none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the US 
none (territory of Australia)
Flag description 
the flag of Australia is used
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Economy

Economy - overview 
Grown throughout the islands, coconuts are the sole cash crop. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply, but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia. There is a small tourist industry.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate 
NA%
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
NA%
Labor force 
NA
Labor force - by occupation 
the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Unemployment rate 
60% (2000 est.)
Budget 
revenues: $NA
expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Industries 
copra products and tourism
Industrial production growth rate 
NA%
Electricity - production 
NA kWh
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption 
NA kWh
Agriculture - products 
vegetables, bananas, pawpaws, coconuts
Exports 
$NA
Exports - commodities 
copra
Exports - partners 
Australia
Imports 
$NA
Imports - commodities 
foodstuffs
Imports - partners 
Australia
Debt - external 
$NA
Economic aid - recipient 
$NA
Currency 
Australian dollar (AUD)
Currency code 
AUD
Exchange rates 
Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
Fiscal year 
1 July - 30 June
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
287 (1992)
Telephones - mobile cellular 
NA
Telephone system 
general assessment: connected within Australia's telecommunication system
domestic: NA
international: telephone, telex, and facsimile communications with Australia and elsewhere via satellite; 1 satellite earth station of NA type (2002)
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)
Radios 
300 (1992)
Television broadcast stations 
NA
Televisions 
NA
Internet country code 
.cc
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
2 (2000)
Internet users 
NA
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: 15 km (2001)
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none; lagoon anchorage only
Merchant marine 
none (2002 est.)
Airports 
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 1 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of Australia; the territory does have a five-person police force
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

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