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Cayman Islands

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Flag
Image:cj-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalGeorge Town
GovernmentBritish crown colony
CurrencyCaymanian dollar (KYD)
Areatotal: 262 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 262 sq km
Population36,273 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageEnglish
ReligionUnited Church (Presbyterian and Congregational), Anglican, Baptist, Church of God, other Protestant, Roman Catholic

The Cayman Islands were colonized from Jamaica by the British during the 18th and 19th centuries. Administered by Jamaica from 1863, they remained a British dependency after 1962 when the former became independent.


cayman islands Travel Guide :

Cayman Islands

Geography

Map of Cayman IslandsMap of Cayman Islands
Map of Cayman Islands
Location 
Caribbean, island group in Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras
Geographic coordinates 
19 30 N, 80 30 W
Map references 
Central America and the Caribbean
Area 
total: 262 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 262 sq km
Area - comparative 
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
160 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)
Terrain 
low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: The Bluff 43 m
Natural resources 
fish, climate and beaches that foster tourism
Land use 
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
hurricanes (July to November)
Environment - current issues 
no natural fresh water resources; drinking water supplies must be met by rainwater catchments
Geography - note 
important location between Cuba and Central America
Cayman Islands

People

Population 
36,273 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: 22% (male 3,836; female 4,156)
15-64 years: 69.7% (male 12,335; female 12,929)
65 years and over: 8.3% (male 1,399; female 1,618) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 
2.03% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
13.45 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate 
5.24 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate 
12.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2002 est.)
Sex ratio 
at birth: 0.86 mas)/female
under 15 years: 0.92 mas)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 mas)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 mas)/female
total population: 0.94 mas)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate 
9.89 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: 79.18 years
female: 81.59 years (2002 est.)
male: 76.38 years
Total fertility rate 
2.03 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
NA
Nationality 
noun: Caymanian(s)
adjective: Caymanian
Ethnic groups 
mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Religions 
United Church (Presbyterian and Congregational), Anglican, Baptist, Church of God, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages 
English
Literacy 
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 98% (1970 est.)
Cayman Islands

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Cayman Islands
Dependency status 
overseas territory of the UK
Government type 
British crown colony
Capital 
George Town
Administrative divisions 
8 districts; Creek, Eastern, Midland, South Town, Spot Bay, Stake Bay, West End, Western
Independence 
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday 
Constitution Day, first Monday in July
Constitution 
1959, revised 1972 and 1992
Legal system 
British common law and local statutes
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch 
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); Governor Bruce DINWIDDY (since 29 May 2002)
elections: none; the monarch is herary; the governor is appointed by the monarch; the chief secretary is appointed by the governor
head of government: Chief Secretary W. McKeeva BUSH (since NA December 2001)
cabinet: Executive Council (three members appointed by the governor, four members elected by the Legislative Assembly)
Legislative branch 
unicameral Legislative Assembly (18 seats, three appointed members from the Executive Council and 15 elected by popular vote; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 8 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - NA
Judicial branch 
Summary Court; Grand Court; Cayman Islands Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders 
there are no formal political parties but the following loose groupings act as political organizations; National Team leader NA; Democratic Alliance leader NA; Team Cayman leader NA; United Democratic Party leader NA
Political pressure groups and leaders 
NA
International organization participation 
Caricom (observer), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNESCO (associate)
Diplomatic representation in the US 
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US 
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description 
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Caymanian coat of arms on a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms includes a pineapple and turtle above a shield with three stars (representing the three islands) and a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto HE HATH FOUNDED IT UPON THE SEAS
Cayman Islands

Economy

Economy - overview 
With no direct taxation, the islands are a thriving offshore financial center. More than 40,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 1998, including almost 600 banks and trust companies; banking assets exceed $500 billion. A stock exchange was opened in 1997. Tourism is also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings. The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Total tourist arrivals exceeded 1.2 million in 1997, with 600,000 from the US. About 90% of the islands' food and consumer goods must be imported. The Caymanians enjoy one of the highest outputs per capita and one of the highest standards of living in the world.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $1.18 billion (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 
4.5% (2000)
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $30,000 (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: 1%
industry: 3%
services: 95% (1994 est.)
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
2.3% (2000) (2000)
Labor force 
19,820 (1995)
Labor force - by occupation 
agriculture 1%, industry 13%, services 86% (1995)
Unemployment rate 
4.1% (1997)
Budget 
revenues: $265.2 million
expenditures: $248.9 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997)
Industries 
tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture
Industrial production growth rate 
NA%
Electricity - production 
355 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption 
330.15 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products 
vegetables, fruit; livestock, turtle farming
Exports 
$1.2 million (1999)
Exports - commodities 
turtle products, manufactured consumer goods
Exports - partners 
mostly US
Imports 
$457.4 million (1999)
Imports - commodities 
foodstuffs, manufactured goods
Imports - partners 
US, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, Netherlands Antilles, Japan
Debt - external 
$70 million (1996)
Economic aid - recipient 
$NA
Currency 
Caymanian dollar (KYD)
Currency code 
KYD
Exchange rates 
Caymanian dollars per US dollar - 0.82 (29 October 2001), 0.83 (3 November 1995), 0.85 (22 November 1993)
Fiscal year 
1 April - 31 March
Cayman Islands

Tourist Attractions

  • Seven Mile Beach
  • Rum Point
  • Cayman National Museum
  • San Pedro Castle
  • The Turtle Farm
  • Queen Elizabeth II Botanical Gardens
  • St.George Fort
  • Sting Ray City
Cayman Islands

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: 406 km
paved: 304 km
unpaved: 102 km
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
Cayman Brac, George Town
Merchant marine 
total: 121 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,034,181 GRT/3,191,597 DWT
ships by type: bulk 24, cargo 4, chemical tanker 34, container 1, liquefied gas 1, petroleum tanker 14, refrigerated cargo 40, roll on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 1
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Bahrain 2, China 1, Germany 4, Greece 27, Hong Kong 3, Italy 2, Japan 1, Norway 14, Sweden 13, United Kingdom 15, United States 35 (2002 est.)
Airports 
3 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways 
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Cayman Islands

Military

Military branches 
no regular indigenous military forces; Royal Cayman Islands Police Force (RCIPF)
Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Cayman Islands

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none
Illicit drugs 
offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US and Europe

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