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Cape Verde

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Africa : West Africa : Cape Verde
Flag
Image:cv-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalPraia
Governmentrepublic
CurrencyCape Verdean escudo (CVE)
Areatotal: 4,033 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 4,033 sq km
Population408,760 (July 2002 est.)
Internet TLD.cv
LanguagePortuguese, Crioulo
ReligionRoman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs); Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)

Cape Verde (Portuguese Cabo Verde) is a country in West Africa. It comprises a group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal.

cape verde Travel Guide :

Cape Verde

Regions

Map of Cape VerdeMap of Cape Verde
Map of Cape Verde
Cape Verde

Cities

Cape Verde

Other destinations

  • The Island of Fogo volcano - The country's highest point (2,829 m)
Cape Verde

Understand

Cape Verde (pop. 480.000) is located 500 km from the west coast of Africa. The once uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and re-supply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Independence was achieved in 1975.

Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.

Cape Verde

Climate

Cape Verde?s climate is temperate, with a warm, dry summer. Precipitation is meager and very erratic.

Cape Verde

Holidays

The national holiday is the 5th of July, Independence Day.

Cape Verde

Get in

Cape Verde

By plane

International flights land at the island of Sal, 70km (110 miles) northeast of the capital.

There are regular flights from Amsterdam, Boston (weekly), Fortaleza (Brazil) (weekly), Lisbon (daily), Madrid, Milan, Munich and OportoOporto operated by TACV (http://www.tacv.cv/).

Cape Verde is also serviced by Air Senegal (from Dakar), SAA (from South Africa) and TAP airlines.

Cape Verde

By boat

There are only infrequent, expensive connections to the mainland.

Cape Verde

Get around

Cape Verde

Talk

The official language is Portuguese. Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words) is widely spoken.

Cape Verde

Buy

Cape Verde

Costs

Cape Verde

Eat

  • Lagostada ? a lobster dish
Cape Verde

Drink

Cape Verde

Sleep

Cape Verde

Learn

Cape Verde

Work

Cape Verde

Stay safe

Crime rates are relatively low. The emergency number is 132.

Cape Verde

Stay healthy

Cape Verde

Respect

Cape Verde

Contact

The telephone system is effective and improving. There is mobile phone coverage. The country also has one internet service provider.






Cape Verde

Geography

Coastline 
965 km
Terrain 
steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
Natural hazards 
prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active
Environment - current issues 
soil erosion; demand for wood used as fuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing
Geography - note 
strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site
Cape Verde

People

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
0.04% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
775 (2001)
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
225 (as of 2001)
Ethnic groups 
Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%


Cape Verde

Government

Administrative divisions 
17 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho); Boa Vista, Brava, Calheta, Maio, Mosteiros, Paul, Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao Domingos, Sao Nicolau, Sao Filipe, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal
Diplomatic representation in the US 
chief of mission: Ambassador Jose BRITO
consulate(s) general: Boston
FAX: 1 (202) 965-1207
telephone: 1 (202) 965-6820
chancery: 3415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
Diplomatic representation from the US 
chief of mission: Ambassador Donald C. JOHNSON
embassy: Rua Abilio m. Macedo 81, Praia
mailing address: C. P. 201, Praia
telephone: 238 61 56 16, 61 56 17
FAX: 238 61 13 55
Cape Verde

Economy

Economy - overview 
Cape Verde suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought. The economy is service-oriented, with commerce, transport, and public services accounting for 70% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of agriculture in GDP in 2001 was only 11%, of which fishing accounts for 1.5%. About 82% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by foreign aid and remittances from emigrants; remittances supplement GDP by more than 20%. Economic reforms, launched by the new democratic government in 1991, are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy. Prospects for 2002 depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $600 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 
3% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $1,500 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: 11%
industry: 17%
services: 72% (2001)
Population below poverty line 
30% (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
3% (2001)
Unemployment rate 
21% (2000 est.)
Budget 
revenues: $112 million
expenditures: $198 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000)
Industries 
food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
Agriculture - products 
bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
Exports 
$27.3 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Exports - commodities 
fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides
Exports - partners 
Portugal 45%, UK 20%, Germany 20%, Guinea-Bissau 5% (1999)
Imports 
$218 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Imports - commodities 
foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels
Imports - partners 
Portugal 52%, Germany 7%, France 4%, UK 3% (1999)
Debt - external 
$301 million (2000)
Economic aid - recipient 
$136 million (1999)
Exchange rates 
Cape Verdean escudos per US dollar - 123.556 (January 2002), 115.877 (2000), 102.700 (1999), 98.158 (1998), 93.177 (1997)


Cape Verde

Transportation

Highways 
total: 1,100 km
paved: 858 km
unpaved: 242 km (1996)
Ports and harbors 
Mindelo, Praia, Tarrafal
Airports 
9
note: 3 airports are reported to be nonoperational (2001)



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