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Baker Island

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Flag
Image:fq-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital
Government
Currency
Areatotal: 1.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1.4 sq km
Populationuninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; a cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002 est.)
Language
Religion

The US took possession of the island in 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland Island - but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.


baker island Travel Guide :

Baker Island

Geography

Image:fq-map.png
Map of Baker Island
Location 
Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Geographic coordinates 
0 13 N, 176 31 W
Map references 
Oceania
Area 
total: 1.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1.4 sq km
Area - comparative 
about 2.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
4.8 km
Maritime claims 
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate 
equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Terrain 
low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 8 m
Natural resources 
guano (deposits worked until 1891), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use 
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards 
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues 
no natural fresh water resources
Geography - note 
treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Baker Island

People

Population 
uninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; a cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002 est.)
Baker Island

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Baker Island
Dependency status 
unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system 
the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description 
the flag of the US is used
Baker Island

Economy

Economy - overview 
no economic activity
Baker Island

Transportation

Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast
Airports 
1 abandoned World War II runway of 1,665 m, completely covered with vegetation and unusable
Transportation - note 
there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast
Baker Island

Military

Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Baker Island

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

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